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The Jewish Study Bible Contextualizes the Hebrew Bible with accompanying scholarly text on Jewish traditions and history.

Chapter 8

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1 a This chapter is reproduced, with some variations, in 1 Chron. 18 . Some time afterward, David attacked the Philistines and subdued them; and David took Metheg‐ammah b If not a place name, meaning of Heb. uncertain. from the Philistines. 2He also defeated the Moabites. He made them lie down on the ground and he measured them off with a cord; he measured out two lengths of cord for those who were to be put to death, and one length for those to be spared. c I.e., he repeatedly doomed twice the number he spared. And the Moabites became tributary vassals of David.

3David defeated Hadadezer son of Rehob, king of Zobah, who was then on his way to restore his monument d On yad in this sense, cf. 18.18; 1 Chron. 18.3; 1 Sam. 15.12 . Others “dominion.” at the Euphrates River. 4David captured 1,700 horsemen and 20,000 foot soldiers of his force; and David hamstrung all the chariot horses, except for 100 which he retained. 5And when the Arameans of Damascus came to the aid of King Hadadezer of Zobah, David struck down 22,000 of the Arameans. 6David stationed garrisons in Aram of Damascus, and the Arameans became tributary vassals of David. The LORD gave David victory wherever he went. 7David took the gold shields e Or “quivers.” carried by Hadadezer's retinue and brought them to Jerusalem; 8and from Betah and Berothai, towns of Hadadezer, King David took a vast amount of copper.

9When King Toi of Hamath heard that David had defeated the entire army of Hadadezer, 10Toi sent his son Joram to King David to greet him and to congratulate him on his military victory over Hadadezer—for Hadadezer had been at war with Toi. [Joram] brought with him objects of silver, gold, and copper. 11King David dedicated these to the LORD, along with the other silver and gold that he dedicated, [taken] from all the nations he had conquered: 12from Edom, f So several mss., Septuagint, and 1 Chron. 18.11–13 ; and cf. v. 14 below. Printed editions and most mss. read “Aram.” Moab, and Ammon; from the Philistines and the Amalekites, and from the plunder of Hadadezer son of Rehob, king of Zobah.

13David gained fame g‐ 1 Chron. 18.12 and Ps. 60.1 read differently. when he returned from defeating ‐g 1 Chron. 18.12 and Ps. 60.1 read differently. Edom f So several mss., Septuagint, and 1 Chron. 18.11–13 ; and cf. v. 14 below. Printed editions and most mss. read “Aram.” in the Valley of Salt, 18,000 in all. 14He stationed garrisons in Edom— h‐ This phrase is lacking in 1 Chron. 18.13 . he stationed garrisons in all of Edom ‐h This phrase is lacking in 1 Chron. 18.13 . —and all the Edomites became vassals of David. The LORD gave David victory wherever he went.

15David reigned over all Israel, and David executedtrue justice among all his people. 16Joab son of Zeruiah was commander of the army; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was recorder; 17Zadok son of Ahitub and a‐ Emendation yields “Abiathar son of Ahimelech,” cf., e.g., 20.25; 1 Sam. 22.20 . Ahimelech son of Abiathar ‐a Emendation yields “Abiathar son of Ahimelech,” cf., e.g., 20.25; 1 Sam. 22.20 . were priests; Seraiah b “Sheva” in 20.25 ; “Shavsha” in 1 Chron. 18.16 . was scribe; 18Benaiah son of Jehoiada was c‐ So Targum (cf.20.23; 1 Chron. 18.17 ); Heb. “and.” commander of ‐c So Targum (cf.20.23; 1 Chron. 18.17 ); Heb. “and.” the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David's sons were priests.

Notes:

a This chapter is reproduced, with some variations, in 1 Chron. 18 .

b If not a place name, meaning of Heb. uncertain.

c I.e., he repeatedly doomed twice the number he spared.

d On yad in this sense, cf. 18.18; 1 Chron. 18.3; 1 Sam. 15.12 . Others “dominion.”

e Or “quivers.”

f So several mss., Septuagint, and 1 Chron. 18.11–13 ; and cf. v. 14 below. Printed editions and most mss. read “Aram.”

g‐g 1 Chron. 18.12 and Ps. 60.1 read differently.

h‐h This phrase is lacking in 1 Chron. 18.13 .

a‐a Emendation yields “Abiathar son of Ahimelech,” cf., e.g., 20.25; 1 Sam. 22.20 .

b “Sheva” in 20.25 ; “Shavsha” in 1 Chron. 18.16 .

c‐c So Targum (cf.20.23; 1 Chron. 18.17 ); Heb. “and.”

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