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The Jewish Study Bible Contextualizes the Hebrew Bible with accompanying scholarly text on Jewish traditions and history.

Chapter 22

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1 c This poem occurs again as Ps. 18 , with a number of variations, some of which are cited in the following notes. David addressed the words of this song to the LORD, after the LORD had saved him from the hands of all his enemies and from the hands of Saul. 2He said:

O LORD, my crag, my fastness, my deliverer! 3O d‐ Lit. “the God of my rock”; Ps. 18.3 “my God, my rock.” God, the rock ‐d Lit. “the God of my rock”; Ps. 18.3 “my God, my rock.” wherein I take shelter: My shield, my e‐ Lit. “horn of rescue.” mighty champion, ‐e Lit. “horn of rescue.” my fortress and refuge! My savior, You who rescue me from violence! 4 f‐ Construction of Heb. uncertain. All praise! I called on the LORD, ‐f Construction of Heb. uncertain. And I was delivered from my enemies. 5For the breakers of Death encompassed me, The torrents of Belial g I.e., the netherworld, like “Death” and “Sheol.” terrified me; 6The snares of Sheol encircled me, The coils of Death engulfed me. 7In my anguish I called on the LORD, Cried out to my God; In His Abode h Lit. “Temple.” He heard my voice, My cry entered His ears. 8Then the earth rocked and quaked, The foundations of heaven i Ps. 18.8 “mountains.” shook— Rocked by His indignation. 9Smoke went up from His nostrils, From His mouth came devouring fire; Live coals blazed forth from Him. 10He bent the sky and came down, Thick cloud beneath His feet. 11He mounted a cherub and flew; a‐ Ps. 18.11 “Gliding.” He was seen ‐a Ps. 18.11 “Gliding.” on the wings of the wind. 12He made pavilions of darkness about Him, Dripping clouds, huge thunderheads; 13In the brilliance before Him Blazed fiery coals. 14The LORD thundered forth from heaven, The Most High sent forth His voice; 15He let loose bolts, and scattered them; b I.e., the enemies in v. 4 . Lightning, and put them to rout. 16The bed of the sea was exposed, The foundations of the world were laid bare By the mighty roaring of the LORD, At the blast of the breath of His nostrils. 17He reached down from on high, He took me, Drew me out of the mighty waters; c Cf. v. 5 . 18He rescued me from my enemy so strong, From foes too mighty for me. 19They attacked me on my day of calamity, But the LORD was my stay. 20He brought me out to freedom, He rescued me because He was pleased with me. 21The LORD rewarded me according to my merit, He requited the cleanness of my hands. 22For I have kept the ways of the LORD And have not been guilty before my God; 23I am mindful of all His rules And have not departed from His laws. 24I have been blameless before Him, And have guarded myself against sinning— 25And the LORD has requited my merit, According to my purity in His sight. 26With the loyal You deal loyally; With the blameless hero, d Ps. 18.26 “man.” blamelessly. 27With the pure You act in purity, And with the perverse You are wily. 28To humble folk You give victory, e‐ Lit. “And lower Your eyes on the haughty”; Ps. 18.28 “But haughty eyes You humble.” And You look with scorn on the haughty. ‐e Lit. “And lower Your eyes on the haughty”; Ps. 18.28 “But haughty eyes You humble.” 29You, O LORD, are my lamp; The LORD lights up my darkness. 30With You, I can rush a barrier, a Cf. postbiblical gedudiyyoth “walls,” Aramaic gudda, “wall.” With my God, I can scale a wall. 31The way of God is perfect, The word of the LORD is pure. He is a shield to all who take refuge in Him. 32Yea, who is a god except the LORD, Who is a rock except God— 33The God, b‐ Ps. 18.33 “who girded me with might.” my mighty stronghold, ‐b Ps. 18.33 “who girded me with might.” Who kept c Meaning of Heb. uncertain; Ps. 18.33 “made.” my path secure; 34Who made my legs like a deer's, And set me firm on the d Taking bamothai as a poetic form of bamoth; cf. Hab. 3.19 ; others “my.” heights; 35Who trained my hands for battle, So that my arms can bend a bow of bronze! 36You have granted me the shield of Your protection e‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. And Your providence has made me great. ‐e Meaning of Heb. uncertain. 37You have let me stride on freely, And my feet have not slipped. 38I pursued my enemies and wiped them out, I did not turn back till I destroyed them. 39I destroyed them, I struck them down; They rose no more, they lay at my feet. 40You have girt me with strength for battle, Brought low my foes before me, 41Made my enemies turn tail before me, My foes—and I wiped them out. 42They looked, f Ps. 18.42 “cried.” but there was none to deliver; To the LORD, but He answered them not. 43I pounded them like dust of the earth, Stamped, crushed them like dirt of the streets. 44You have rescued me from the strife of peoples, g So some mss. and the Septuagint; most mss. and the printed editions “my people.” h‐ Ps. 18.44 “made me.” Kept me to be ‐h Ps. 18.44 “made me.” a ruler of nations; Peoples I knew not must serve me. 45Aliens have cringed before me, Paid me homage at the mere report of me. 46Aliens have lost courage e‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. And come trembling out of their fastnesses. ‐e Meaning of Heb. uncertain. 47The LORD lives! Blessed is my rock! Exalted be God, the rock Who gives me victory; 48The God who has vindicated me And made peoples subject to me, 49Rescued me from my enemies, Raised me clear of my foes, Saved me from lawless men! 50For this I sing Your praise among the nations And hymn Your name: 51 a‐ Kethib and Ps. 18.51 read “He accords wondrous victories.” Tower of victory ‐a Kethib and Ps. 18.51 read “He accords wondrous victories.” to His king, Who deals graciously with His anointed, With David and his offspring evermore.

Notes:

c This poem occurs again as Ps. 18 , with a number of variations, some of which are cited in the following notes.

d‐d Lit. “the God of my rock”; Ps. 18.3 “my God, my rock.”

e‐e Lit. “horn of rescue.”

f‐f Construction of Heb. uncertain.

g I.e., the netherworld, like “Death” and “Sheol.”

h Lit. “Temple.”

i Ps. 18.8 “mountains.”

a‐a Ps. 18.11 “Gliding.”

b I.e., the enemies in v. 4 .

c Cf. v. 5 .

d Ps. 18.26 “man.”

e‐e Lit. “And lower Your eyes on the haughty”; Ps. 18.28 “But haughty eyes You humble.”

a Cf. postbiblical gedudiyyoth “walls,” Aramaic gudda, “wall.”

b‐b Ps. 18.33 “who girded me with might.”

c Meaning of Heb. uncertain; Ps. 18.33 “made.”

d Taking bamothai as a poetic form of bamoth; cf. Hab. 3.19 ; others “my.”

e‐e Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

f Ps. 18.42 “cried.”

g So some mss. and the Septuagint; most mss. and the printed editions “my people.”

h‐h Ps. 18.44 “made me.”

a‐a Kethib and Ps. 18.51 read “He accords wondrous victories.”

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