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The Jewish Study Bible Contextualizes the Hebrew Bible with accompanying scholarly text on Jewish traditions and history.

Chapter 7

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19[The LORD] struck at the men of Beth‐shemesh because e‐ Force of Heb. uncertain. they looked into the Ark of the LORD; He struck down seventy men among the people [and] fifty thousand men. ‐e Force of Heb. uncertain. The people mourned, for He had inflicted a great slaughter upon the population. 20And the men of Beth‐shemesh asked, “Who can stand in attendance on the LORD, this holy God? And to whom shall He go up from us?” 21They sent messengers to the inhabitants of Kiriath‐jearim to say, “The Philistines have sent back the Ark of the LORD. Come down and take it into your keeping.” 1The men of Kiriath‐jearim came and took up the Ark of the LORD and brought it into the house of Abinadab on the hill; and they consecrated his son Eleazar to have charge of the Ark of the LORD.

2A long time elapsed from the day that the Ark was housed in Kiriath‐jearim, twenty years in all; and all the House of Israel a‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. yearned after ‐a Meaning of Heb. uncertain. the LORD. 3And Samuel said to all the House of Israel, “If you mean to return to the LORD with all your heart, you must remove the alien gods and the Ashtaroth from your midst and direct your heart to the LORD and serve Him alone. Then He will deliver you from the hands of the Philistines.” 4And the Israelites removed the Baalim and Ashtaroth and they served the LORD alone.

5Samuel said, “Assemble all Israel at Mizpah, and I will pray to the LORD for you.” 6They assembled at Mizpah, and they drew water and poured it out before the LORD; they fasted that day, and there they confessed that they had sinned against the LORD. And Samuel acted as chieftain of the Israelites at Mizpah.

7When the Philistines heard that the Israelites had assembled at Mizpah, the lords of the Philistines marched out against Israel. Hearing of this, the Israelites were terrified of the Philistines 8and they implored Samuel, “Do not neglect us and do not refrain from crying out to the LORD our God to save us from the hands of the Philistines.” 9Thereupon Samuel took a suckling lamb and sacrificed it as a whole burnt offering to the LORD; and Samuel cried out to the LORD in behalf of Israel, and the LORD responded to him. 10For as Samuel was presenting the burnt offering and the Philistines advanced to attack Israel, the LORD thundered mightily against the Philistines that day. He threw them into confusion, and they were routed by Israel. 11The men of Israel sallied out of Mizpah and pursued the Philistines, striking them down to a point below Beth‐car.

12Samuel took a stone and set it up between Mizpahand Shen, a Otherwise unknown; perhaps identical with “Jeshanah”; cf. Septuagint; also 2 Chron. 13.19 . and named it Eben‐ezer: b L.e., “Stone of Help.” “For up to now,” he said, “the LORD has helped us.” 13The Philistines were humbled and did not invade the territory of Israel again; and the hand of the LORD was set against the Philistines as long as Samuel lived. 14The towns which the Philistines had taken from Israel, from Ekron to Gath, were restored to Israel; Israel recovered all her territory from the Philistines. There was also peace between Israel and the Amorites.

15Samuel judged Israel as long as he lived. 16Each year he made the rounds of Bethel, Gilgal, and Mizpah, and acted as judge over Israel at all those places. 17Then he would return to Ramah, for his home was there, and there too he would judge Israel. He built an altar there to the LORD.

Notes:

e‐e Force of Heb. uncertain.

a‐a Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

a Otherwise unknown; perhaps identical with “Jeshanah”; cf. Septuagint; also 2 Chron. 13.19 .

b L.e., “Stone of Help.”

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