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The Jewish Study Bible Contextualizes the Hebrew Bible with accompanying scholarly text on Jewish traditions and history.

Chapter 13

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1The LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 2“Send men to scout the land of Canaan, which I am giving to the Israelite people; send one man from each of their ancestral tribes, each one a chieftain among them.” 3So Moses, by the LORD's command, sent them out from the wilderness of Paran, all the men being leaders of the Israelites. 4And these were their names:

From the tribe of Reuben, Shammua son of Zaccur. 5From the tribe of Simeon, Shaphat son of Hori. 6From the tribe of Judah, Caleb son of Jephunneh. 7From the tribe of Issachar, Igal son of Joseph. 8From the tribe of Ephraim, Hosea b Or “Hoshea.” son of Nun. 9From the tribe of Benjamin, Palti son of Rafu. 10From the tribe of Zebulun, Gaddiel son of Sodi. 11From the tribe of Joseph, namely, the tribe of Manasseh, Gaddi son of Susi. 12From the tribe of Dan, Ammiel son of Gemalli. 13From the tribe of Asher, Sethur son of Michael. 14From the tribe of Naphtali, Nahbi son of Vophsi. 15From the tribe of Gad, Geuel son of Machi.

16Those were the names of the men whom Moses sent to scout the land; but Moses changed the name of Hosea a Or “Hoshea.” son of Nun to Joshua.

17When Moses sent them to scout the land of Canaan, he said to them, “Go up there into the Negeb and on into the hill country, 18and see what kind of country it is. Are the people who dwell in it strong or weak, few or many? 19Is the country in which they dwell good or bad? Are the towns they live in open or fortified? 20Is the soil rich or poor? Is it wooded or not? And take pains to bring back some of the fruit of the land.”—Now it happened to be the season of the first ripe grapes.

21They went up and scouted the land, from the wilderness of Zin to Rehob, at Lebo‐hamath. b Others “the entrance to Hamath.” 22They went up into the Negeb and came to Hebron, where lived Ahi‐ man, Sheshai, and Talmai, the Anakites.—Now Hebron was founded seven years before Zoan of Egypt.—23They reached the wadi Eshcol, and there they cut down a branch with a single cluster of grapes—it had to be borne on a carrying frame by two of them—and some pomegranates and figs. 24That place was named the wadi Eshcol c I.e., “cluster.” because of the cluster that the Israelites cut down there.

25At the end of forty days they returned from scouting the land. 26They went straight to Moses and Aaron and the whole Israelite community at Kadesh in the wilderness of Paran, and they made their report to them and to the whole community, as they showed them the fruit of the land. 27This is what they told him: “We came to the land you sent us to; it does indeed flow with milk and honey, and this is its fruit. 28However, the people who inhabit the country are powerful, and the cities are fortified and very large; moreover, we saw the Anakites there. 29Amalekites dwell in the Negeb region; Hittites, Jebusites, and Amorites inhabit the hill country; and Canaanites dwell by the Sea and along the Jordan.”

30Caleb hushed the people before Moses and said, “Let us by all means go up, and we shall gain possession of it, for we shall surely overcome it.”

31But the men who had gone up with him said, “We cannot attack that people, for it is stronger than we.” 32Thus they spread calumnies among the Israelites about the land they had scouted, saying, “The country that we traversed and scouted is one that devours its settlers. Allthe people that we saw in it are men of great size; 33we saw the Nephilim a See Gen. 6.4. there—the Anakites are part of the Nephilim—and we looked like grasshoppers to ourselves, and so we must have looked to them.”


b Or “Hoshea.”

a Or “Hoshea.”

b Others “the entrance to Hamath.”

c I.e., “cluster.”

a See Gen. 6.4.

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