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The Jewish Study Bible Contextualizes the Hebrew Bible with accompanying scholarly text on Jewish traditions and history.

Chapter 2

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1 א Alas! The Lord in His wrath Has shamed c Meaning of Heb. uncertain. Fair Zion, Has cast down from heaven to earth The majesty of Israel. He did not remember His Footstool d I.e., the Temple. On His day of wrath. 2 ב The Lord has laid waste without pity All the habitations of Jacob; He has razed in His anger Fair Judah’s strongholds. He has brought low in dishonor The kingdom and its leaders. 3 ג In blazing anger He has cut down All the might of Israel; He has withdrawn His right hand In the presence of the foe; He has ravaged Jacob like flaming fire, Consuming on all sides. 4 ד He bent His bow like an enemy, Poised His right hand like a foe; He slew all who delighted the eye. He poured out His wrath like fire In the Tent of Fair Zion. 5 ה The Lord has acted like a foe, He has laid waste Israel, Laid waste all her citadels, Destroyed her strongholds. He has increased within Fair Judah Mourning and moaning. 6 ו He has stripped His Booth a I.e., the Temple. like a garden, He has destroyed His Tabernacle; b Lit. “(Tent of) Meeting.” The LORD has ended in Zion Festival and sabbath; In His raging anger He has spurned King and priest. 7 ז The Lord has rejected His altar, Disdained His Sanctuary. He has handed over to the foe The walls of its citadels; They raised a shout in the House of the LORD As on a festival day. 8 ח The LORD resolved to destroy The wall of Fair Zion; c‐ I.e., He made His plans. He measured with a line, ‐c I.e., He made His plans. refrained not From bringing destruction. He has made wall and rampart to mourn, Together they languish. 9 ט Her gates have sunk into the ground, He has smashed her bars to bits; Her king and her leaders are d‐ Lit. “among the nations.” in exile, ‐d Lit. “among the nations.” Instruction e Heb. torah, here priestly instruction; cf. Jer. 18.18; Hag. 2.11; Mal. 2.6 . is no more; Her prophets, too, receive No vision from the LORD. 10 י Silent sit on the ground The elders of Fair Zion; They have strewn dust on their heads And girded themselves with sackcloth; The maidens of Jerusalem have bowed Their heads to the ground. 11 כ My eyes are spent with tears, My heart is in tumult, a‐ Lit. “My liver spills on the ground.” My being melts away ߚa Lit. “My liver spills on the ground.” Over the ruin of b‐ Lit. “the daughter of my people”; so elsewhere in poetry. my poor people, ‐b Lit. “the daughter of my people”; so elsewhere in poetry. As babes and sucklings languish In the squares of the city. 12 ל They keep asking their mothers, “Where is bread and wine?” As they languish like battle‐wounded In the squares of the town, As their life runs out In their mothers’ bosoms. 13 מ What can I c‐ Emendation yields “compare.” take as witness ‐c Emendation yields “compare.” or liken To you, O Fair Jerusalem? What can I match with you to console you, O Fair Maiden Zion? for your ruin is vast as the sea: Who can heal you? 14 נ Your seers prophesied to you Delusion and folly. They did not expose your iniquity So as to restore your fortunes, But prophesied to you oracles Of delusion and deception. 15 ס All who pass your way Clap their hands at you; They hiss and wag their head At Fair Jerusalem: d These gestures were intended to ward off the calamity from the viewer; cf., e.g., Jer. 18.16 and note; Job 27.23 . “Is this the city that was called Perfect in Beauty, Joy of All the Earth?” 16 פ All your enemies Jeer at you; They hiss and gnash their teeth, And cry: “We’ve ruined her! Ah, this is the day we hoped for; e‐ Lit. “We have attained, we have seen.” We have lived to see it!” ‐e Lit. “We have attained, we have seen.” 17 ע The LORD has done what He purposed, Has carried out the decree That He ordained long ago; He has torn down without pity. He has let the foe rejoice over you, Has exalted the might of your enemies. 18 צ a‐ Emendation yields “Cry aloud.” Their heart cried out ‐a Emendation yields “Cry aloud.” to the Lord. O wall of Fair Zion, Shed tears like a torrent Day and night! Give yourself no respite, Your eyes no rest. 19 ק Arise, cry out in the night At the beginning of the watches, Pour out your heart like water In the presence of the Lord! Lift up your hands to Him For the life of your infants, Who faint for hunger At every street corner. 20 ד See, O LORD, and behold, To whom You have done this! Alas, women eat their own fruit, Their new‐born b The root has this meaning in Arabic; others “dandled.” babes! Alas, priest and prophet are slain In the Sanctuary of the Lord! 21 ש Prostrate in the streets lie Both young and old. My maidens and youths Are fallen by the sword; You slew them on Your day of wrath, You slaughtered without pity. 22 ח You summoned, as on a festival, My neighbors from roundabout. On the day of the wrath of the LORD, None survived or escaped; Those whom I bore b The root has this meaning in Arabic; others “dandled.” and reared My foe has consumed.

Notes:

c Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

d I.e., the Temple.

a I.e., the Temple.

b Lit. “(Tent of) Meeting.”

c‐c I.e., He made His plans.

d‐d Lit. “among the nations.”

e Heb. torah, here priestly instruction; cf. Jer. 18.18; Hag. 2.11; Mal. 2.6 .

a‐a Lit. “My liver spills on the ground.”

b‐b Lit. “the daughter of my people”; so elsewhere in poetry.

c‐c Emendation yields “compare.”

d These gestures were intended to ward off the calamity from the viewer; cf., e.g., Jer. 18.16 and note; Job 27.23 .

e‐e Lit. “We have attained, we have seen.”

a‐a Emendation yields “Cry aloud.”

b The root has this meaning in Arabic; others “dandled.”

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