We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more
Select Bible Use this Lookup to open a specific Bible and passage. Start here to select a Bible.
Make selected Bible the default for Lookup tool.
Book: Ch.V. Select book from A-Z list, enter chapter and verse number, and click "Go."
:
OR
  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Look It Up Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Next Result

The Jewish Study Bible Contextualizes the Hebrew Bible with accompanying scholarly text on Jewish traditions and history.

Chapter 23

Previous
Jump to: Select book from A-Z list, enter chapter and verse number, and click "Go."
Next

1At the king's summons, all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem assembled before him. 2The king went up to the House of the LORD, together with all the men of Judah and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and the priests and prophets—all the people, young and old. And he read to them the entire text of the covenant scroll which had been found in the House of the LORD. 3The king stood a‐ Or “on a platform,” cf. Targum. by the pillar ‐a Or “on a platform,” cf. Targum. and solemnized the covenant before the LORD: that they would follow the LORD and observe His commandments, His injunctions, and His laws with all their heart and soul; that they would fulfill all the terms of this covenant as inscribed upon the scroll. And all the people b‐ Cf. Targum. entered into ‐b Cf. Targum. the covenant.

4Then the king ordered the high priest Hilkiah, the priests of the second rank, and the guards of the threshold to bring out of the Temple of the LORD all the objects made for Baal and Asherah c for this goddess, cf. 1 Kings 18.19 ; ordinarily asherah is rendered “sacred post,” e.g., 2 Kings 17.16 . and all the host of heaven. He burned them outside Jerusalem in the fields d Meaning of Heb. uncertain. of Kidron, and he removed the ashes to Bethel. 5He suppressed the idolatrous priests whom the kings of Judah had appointed e‐ Lit. “and he offered.” to make offerings ‐e Lit. “and he offered.” at the shrines in the towns of Judah and in the environs of Jerusalem, and those who made offerings to Baal, to the sun and moon and constellations—all the host of heaven. 6He brought out the [image of] Asherah from the House of the LORD to the Kidron Valley outside Jerusalem, and burned it in the Kidron Valley; he beat it to dust and scattered its dust over the burial ground of the common people. 7He tore down the cubicles of the male prostitutes in the House of the LORD, at the place where the women wove coverings d Meaning of Heb. uncertain. for Asherah.

8He brought all the priests from the towns of Judah [to Jerusalem] and defiled the shrines where the priests had been making offerings—from Geba to Beer‐sheba. He also demolished the shrines of the gates, which were at the entranceof the gate of Joshua, the city prefect— a‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. which were on a person's left [upon entering] the city gate. ‐a Meaning of Heb. uncertain. 9 b‐ This verse may be understood in connection with vv. 21–23 . The priests of the shrines, however, did not ascend the altar of the LORD in Jerusalem, but they ate unleavened bread along with their kinsmen. ‐b This verse may be understood in connection with vv. 21–23 . 10He also defiled Topheth, which is in the Valley of Ben‐hinnom, so that no one might consign his son or daughter to the fire of Molech. 11He did away with the horses that the kings of Judah had dedicated to the sun, c‐ Heb. “from entering.” at the entrance ‐c Heb. “from entering.” of the House of the LORD, near the chamber of the eunuch Nathan‐melech, which was in the precincts. a Meaning of Heb. uncertain. He burned the chariots of the sun. 12And the king tore down the altars made by the kings of Judah on the roof by the upper chamber of Ahaz, and the altars made by Manasseh in the two courts of the House of the LORD. He d‐ Heb. “ran from there.” Emendation yields “smashed them there.” removed them quickly from there ‐d Heb. “ran from there.” Emendation yields “smashed them there.” and scattered their rubble in the Kidron Valley. 13The king also defiled the shrines facing Jerusalem, to the south of the e‐ Heb. har ha‐mashpith: a derogatory play on har ha‐mishpah (“Mount of Ointment”);Mishnah Middoth 2.4 . Mount of the Destroyer, ‐e Heb. har ha‐mashpith: a derogatory play on har ha‐mishpah (“Mount of Ointment”);Mishnah Middoth 2.4 . which King Solomon of Israel had built for Ashtoreth, the abomination of the Sidonians, for Chemosh, the abomination of Moab, and for Milcom, the detestable thing of the Ammonites. f Cf. 1 Kings 11.5, 7 . 14He shattered their pillars and cut down their sacred posts and covered their sites with human bones.

15As for the altar in Bethel [and] the shrine made by Jeroboam son of Nebat who caused Israel to sin—that altar, too, and the shrine as well, he tore down. He burned down the shrine and beat it to dust, and he burned the sacred post.

16Josiah turned and saw the graves that were there on the hill; and he had the bones taken out of the graves and burned on the altar. Thus he defiled it, in fulfillment of the word of the LORD foretold by the man of God who foretold these happenings. 17He asked, “What is the marker I see there?” And the men of the town replied, “That is the grave of the man of God who came from Judah and foretold these things that you have done to the altar of Bethel.” g Cf. 1 Kings 13.2–3 . 18“Let him be,” he said, “let no one disturb his bones.” So they left his bones undisturbed together with the bones of the prophet h See 1 Kings 13.31–32 and note i below. who came from Samaria. i The prophet lived in Bethel, which, in Josiah's time, was part of the Assyrian province of Samaria.

19Josiah also abolished all the cult places in the towns of Samaria, which the kings of Israel had built, vexing [the LORD]. He dealt with them just as he had done to Bethel: 20He slew on the altars all the priests of the shrines who were there, and he burned human bones on them. Then he returned to Jerusalem.

21The king commanded all the people, “Offer the passover sacrifice to the LORD your God as prescribed in this scroll of the covenant.” 22Now the passover sacrifice had not been offered in that manner in the days of the chieftains who ruled Israel, or during the days of the kings of Israel and the kings of Judah. 23Only in the eighteenth year of King Josiah was such a passover sacrifice offered in that manner to the LORD in Jerusalem. 24Josiah also did away with a‐ Lit. “the ghosts and the familiar spirits.” the necromancers and the mediums, ‐a Lit. “the ghosts and the familiar spirits.” the idols and the fetishes—all the detestable things that were to be seen in the land of Judah and Jerusalem. Thus he fulfilled the terms of the Teaching recorded in the scroll that the priest Hilkiah had found in the House of the LORD. 25There was no king like him before who turned back to the LORD with all his heart and soul and might, in full accord with the Teaching of Moses; nor did any like him arise after him.

26However, the LORD did not turn away from His awesome wrath which had blazed up against Judah because of all the things Manasseh did to vex Him. 27The LORD said, “I will also banish Judah from My presence as I banished Israel; and I will reject the city of Jerusalem which I chose and the House where I said My name would abide.”

28The other events of Josiah's reign, and all his actions, are recorded in the Annals of the Kings of Judah. 29In his days, Pharaoh Neco, king of Egypt, marched against the king of Assyria b I.e., the Chaldean Empire; cf. Isa. 52.4 and note. to the River Euphrates; King Josiah marched toward him, but when he confronted him at Megiddo, [Pharaoh Neco] slew him. 30His servants conveyedhis body in a chariot from Megiddo to Jerusalem, and they buried him in his tomb. Then the people of the land took Jehoahaz; they anointed him and made him king in place of his father.

31Jehoahaz was twenty‐three years old when he became king, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem; his mother's name was Hamutal daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah. 32He did what was displeasing to the LORD, just as his fathers had done. 33Pharaoh Neco imprisoned him in Riblah in the region of Hamath, to keep him from reigning in Jerusalem. And he imposed on the land an indemnity of one hundred talents of silver and a talent of gold. 34Then Pharaoh Neco appointed Eliakim son of Josiah king in place of his father Josiah, changing his name to Jehoiakim. He took Jehoahaz and a‐ So 2 Chron. 36.4 ; Heb. here “he came.” brought him ‐a So 2 Chron. 36.4 ; Heb. here “he came.” to Egypt, where he died. 35Jehoiakim gave Pharaoh the silver and the gold, and he made an assessment on the land to pay the money demanded by Pharaoh. He exacted from the people of the land the silver and gold to be paid Pharaoh Neco, according to each man's assessment.

36Jehoiakim was twenty‐five years old when he became king, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem; his mother's name was Zebudah daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah. 37He did what was displeasing to the LORD, just as his ancestors had done.

Notes:

a‐a Or “on a platform,” cf. Targum.

b‐b Cf. Targum.

c for this goddess, cf. 1 Kings 18.19 ; ordinarily asherah is rendered “sacred post,” e.g., 2 Kings 17.16 .

d Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

e‐e Lit. “and he offered.”

a‐a Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

b‐b This verse may be understood in connection with vv. 21–23 .

c‐c Heb. “from entering.”

d‐d Heb. “ran from there.” Emendation yields “smashed them there.”

e‐e Heb. har ha‐mashpith: a derogatory play on har ha‐mishpah (“Mount of Ointment”);Mishnah Middoth 2.4 .

f Cf. 1 Kings 11.5, 7 .

g Cf. 1 Kings 13.2–3 .

h See 1 Kings 13.31–32 and note i below.

i The prophet lived in Bethel, which, in Josiah's time, was part of the Assyrian province of Samaria.

a‐a Lit. “the ghosts and the familiar spirits.”

b I.e., the Chaldean Empire; cf. Isa. 52.4 and note.

a‐a So 2 Chron. 36.4 ; Heb. here “he came.”

  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Look It Up Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Next Result
Oxford University Press

© 2020. All Rights Reserved. Cookie Policy | Privacy Policy | Legal Notice