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The Jewish Study Bible Contextualizes the Hebrew Bible with accompanying scholarly text on Jewish traditions and history.

Chapter 6

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1In the four hundred and eightieth year after the Israelites left the land of Egypt, in the month of Ziv—that is, the second month—in the fourth year of his reign over Israel, Solomon began to build the House of the LORD. 2The House which King Solomon built for the LORD was 60 cubits long, 20 cubits wide, and 30 cubits high. 3The portico in front of the Great Hall of the House was 20 cubits long—along the width of the House—and 10 cubits deep to the front of the House. 4 a Meaning of parts of vv. 4–6 uncertain. He made windows for the House, recessed and latticed. 5Against the outside wall of the House—the outside walls of the House enclosing the Great Hall and the Shrine b I.e., the inner sanctuary, designated in v. 16 and elsewhere as the “Holy of Holies.” —he built a storied structure; and he made side chambers all around. 6The lowest story was 5 cubits wide, the middle one 6 cubits wide, and the third 7 cubits wide; for he had provided recesses around the outside of the House so as not to penetrate the walls of the House.

7When the House was built, only finished stones cut at the quarry were used, so that no hammer or ax or any iron tool was heard in the House while it was being built.

8The entrance to the middle c Septuagint and Targum read “lowest.” [story of] the side chambers was on the right side of the House; and winding stairs led up to the middle chambers, and from the middle chambers to the third story. 9When he finished building the House, d‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. he paneled the House with beams and planks of cedar. ‐d Meaning of Heb. uncertain. 10He built the storied structure against the entireHouse—each story 5 cubits high, so that it encased the House with timbers of cedar.

11Then the word of the LORD came to Solomon, 12“With regard to this House you are building—if you follow My laws and observe My rules and faithfully keep My commandments, I will fulfill for you the promise that I gave to your father David: 13I will abide among the children of Israel, and I will never forsake My people Israel.”

14When Solomon had completed the construction of the House, 15he paneled the walls of the House on the inside with planks of cedar. He also overlaid the walls on the inside with wood, from the floor of the House to the ceiling. And he overlaid the floor of the House with planks of cypress. 16Twenty cubits from the rear of the House, he built [a partition] of cedar planks from the floor to the walls; a Septuagint reads “rafters.” he furnished its interior to serve as a shrine, as the Holy of Holies. 17 b Meaning of vv. 17–22 is unclear in part. The front part of the House, that is, the Great Hall, measured 40 cubits. 18The cedar of the interior of the House had carvings of gourds and calyxes; it was all cedar, no stone was exposed. 19In the innermost part of the House, he fixed a Shrine in which to place the Ark of the LORD's Covenant. 20 a‐ I.e., the inner sanctuary, designated in v. 16 and elsewhere as the “Holy of Holies.” The interior of the ‐a I.e., the inner sanctuary, designated in v. 16 and elsewhere as the “Holy of Holies.” Shrine was 20 cubits long, 20 cubits wide, and 20 cubits high. He overlaid it with solid gold; he similarly overlaid [its] cedar altar. 21Solomon overlaid the interior of the House with solid gold; and he inserted golden chains b‐ Heb. “in front of.” into the door of ‐b Heb. “in front of.” the Shrine. He overlaid [the Shrine] with gold, 22so that the entire House was overlaid with gold; he even overlaid with gold the entire altar of the Shrine. And so the entire House was completed.

23In the Shrine he made two cherubim of olive wood, each 10 cubits high. 24[One] had a wing measuring 5 cubits and another wing measuring 5 cubits, so that the spread from wingtip to wingtip was 10 cubits; 25and the wingspread of the other cherub was also 10 cubits. The two cherubim had the same measurements and proportions: 26the height of the one cherub was 10 cubits, and so was that of the other cherub.

27He placed the cherubim inside the c‐ I.e., the Shrine. inner chamber. ‐c I.e., the Shrine. Since the wings of the cherubim were extended, a wing of the one touched one wall and a wing of the other touched the other wall, while their wings in the center of the chamber touched each other. 28He overlaid the cherubim with gold. 29All over the walls of the House, of both the inner area and the outer area, he carved reliefs of cherubim, palms, and calyxes, 30and he overlaid the floor of the House with gold, both the inner and the outer areas.

31For the entrance of the Shrine he made doors of olive wood, d‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. the pilasters and the doorposts having five sides. ‐d Meaning of Heb. uncertain. 32The double doors were of olive wood, and on them he carved reliefs of cherubim, palms, and calyxes. He overlaid them with gold, hammering the gold onto the cherubim and the palms. 33For the entrance of the Great Hall, too, he made doorposts of oleaster wood, d‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. having four sides, ‐d Meaning of Heb. uncertain. 34and the double doors of cypress wood, each door consisting of two rounded planks. 35On them he carved cherubim, palms, and calyxes, overlaying them with gold applied evenly over the carvings. 36He built the inner enclosure of three courses of hewn stones and one course of cedar beams.

Notes:

a Meaning of parts of vv. 4–6 uncertain.

b I.e., the inner sanctuary, designated in v. 16 and elsewhere as the “Holy of Holies.”

c Septuagint and Targum read “lowest.”

d‐d Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

a Septuagint reads “rafters.”

b Meaning of vv. 17–22 is unclear in part.

a‐a I.e., the inner sanctuary, designated in v. 16 and elsewhere as the “Holy of Holies.”

b‐b Heb. “in front of.”

c‐c I.e., the Shrine.

d‐d Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

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