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The Jewish Study Bible Contextualizes the Hebrew Bible with accompanying scholarly text on Jewish traditions and history.

Chapter 45

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1Thus said the LORD to Cyrus, His anointed one— Whose right hand b‐ Heb. “I have.” Cf. note at 8.11 . He has ‐b Heb. “I have.” Cf. note at 8.11 . grasped, Treading down nations before him, c‐ I.e., I made them helpless; one who wished to move freely belted his garment around the waist; cf. “engird,” v. 5. Ungirding the loins of kings, ‐c I.e., I made them helpless; one who wished to move freely belted his garment around the waist; cf. “engird,” v. 5. Opening doors before him And letting no gate stay shut: 2I will march before you And level d‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. the hills that loom up; ‐d Meaning of Heb. uncertain. I will shatter doors of bronze And cut down iron bars. 3I will give you treasures concealed in the dark And secret hoards— So that you may know that it is I the LORD, The God of Israel, who call you by name. 4For the sake of My servant Jacob, Israel My chosen one, I call you by name, I hail you by title, though you have not known Me. 5I am the LORD and there is none else; Beside Me, there is no god. I engird you, though you have not known Me, 6So that they may know, from east to west, That there is none but Me. I am the LORD and there is none else, 7I form light and create darkness, I make weal and create woe— I the LORD do all these things. 8Pour down, O skies, from above! Let the heavens rain down victory! Let the earth open up and triumph sprout, Yes, let vindication spring up: I the LORD have created it.

9Shame on him who argues with his Maker, Though naught but a potsherd of earth! Shall the clay say to the potter, “What are you doing? a‐ Emendation yields “To its maker, ‘You have no hands’?” Your work has no handles”? ‐a Emendation yields “To its maker, ‘You have no hands’?” 10Shame on him who asks his father, “What are you begetting?” Or a woman, “What are you bearing?”

11Thus said the LORD, Israel's Holy One and Maker: b‐ Heb. imperative. Will you question Me ‐b Heb. imperative. on the destiny of My children, Will you instruct Me about the work of My hands? 12It was I who made the earth And created man upon it; My own hands stretched out the heavens, And I marshaled all their host. 13It was I who roused him c I.e., Cyrus. for victory And who level all roads for him. He shall rebuild My city And let My exiled people go Without price and without payment

—said the LORD of Hosts.

14Thus said the LORD: Egypt's wealth and Nubia's gains And Sabaites, d‐ Emendation yields “bearing tribute.” For “tribute” cf. Ezra 4.20; 6.8; Neh. 5.4. long of limb, ‐d Emendation yields “bearing tribute.” For “tribute” cf. Ezra 4.20; 6.8; Neh. 5.4. Shall pass over to you and be yours, Pass over and follow you in fetters, Bow low to you And reverently address you: “Only among you is God, There is no other god at all! 15You are indeed a God who concealed Himself, O God of Israel, who bring victory! 16Those who fabricate idols, All are shamed and disgraced; To a man, they slink away in disgrace. 17But Israel has won through the LORD Triumph everlasting. You shall not be shamed or disgraced In all the ages to come!”

18For thus said the LORD, The Creator of heaven who alone is God, Who formed the earth and made it, Who alone established it— He did not create it a waste, But formed it for habitation: I am the LORD, and there is none else. 19I did not speak in secret, At a site in a land of darkness; I did not say to the stock of Jacob, “Seek Me out in a wasteland”— I the LORD, who foretell reliably, Who announce what is true.

20Come, gather together, Draw nigh, you remnants of the nations! No foreknowledge had they who carry their wooden images And pray to a god who cannot give success. 21Speak up, compare testimony— Let them even take counsel together! Who announced this aforetime, Foretold it of old? Was it not I the LORD? Then there is no god beside Me, No God exists beside Me Who foretells truly and grants success. 22Turn to Me and gain success, All the ends of earth! For I am God, and there is none else. 23By Myself have I sworn, From My mouth has issued truth, A word that shall not turn back: To Me every knee shall bend, Every tongue swear loyalty. 24 a‐ Emendation yields “Only in the Lord / Are there victory and might for man.” They shall say: “Only through the LORD Can I find victory and might. ‐a Emendation yields “Only in the Lord / Are there victory and might for man.” When people b‐ Lit. “come to”; for this idiom cf. Ps. 65.3; Job 6.20 . trust in ‐b Lit. “come to”; for this idiom cf. Ps. 65.3; Job 6.20 . Him, All their adversaries are put to shame. 25It is through the LORD that all the offspring of Israel Have vindication and glory.”

Notes:

b‐b Heb. “I have.” Cf. note at 8.11 .

c‐c I.e., I made them helpless; one who wished to move freely belted his garment around the waist; cf. “engird,” v. 5.

d‐d Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

a‐a Emendation yields “To its maker, ‘You have no hands’?”

b‐b Heb. imperative.

c I.e., Cyrus.

d‐d Emendation yields “bearing tribute.” For “tribute” cf. Ezra 4.20; 6.8; Neh. 5.4.

a‐a Emendation yields “Only in the Lord / Are there victory and might for man.”

b‐b Lit. “come to”; for this idiom cf. Ps. 65.3; Job 6.20 .

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