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The Jewish Study Bible Contextualizes the Hebrew Bible with accompanying scholarly text on Jewish traditions and history.

Chapter 2

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h Vv. 1–3 anticipate the conclusion of the chapter. The number of the people of Israel shall be like that of the sands of the sea, which cannot be measured orcounted; and instead of being told, “You are Not‐My‐People,” a See 1.9 . they shall be called Children‐of‐the‐Living‐God. 1 2The people of Judah and the people of Israel shall assemble together and appoint one head over them; and they shall rise from the ground b Meaning, perhaps, “from their wretched condition,” or “to ascendancy over the land.” —for marvelous shall be c‐ I.e., the day when the name Jezreel will convey a promise ( 2.23–25 ) instead of a threat ( 1.4–5 ). the day of Jezreel! ‐c I.e., the day when the name Jezreel will convey a promise ( 2.23–25 ) instead of a threat ( 1.4–5 ).

3Oh, call d The Lord addresses Hosea and his fellow North Israelites; see 1.9 . The mother is the nation; her children the individual North Israelites. your brothers “My People,” And your sisters “Lovingly Accepted!” 4Rebuke d The Lord addresses Hosea and his fellow North Israelites; see 1.9 . The mother is the nation; her children the individual North Israelites. your mother, rebuke her— For she is not My wife And I am not her husband— And let her put away her harlotry from her face And her adultery from between her breasts. 5Else will I strip her naked And leave her as on the day she was born: And I will make her like a wilderness, Render her like desert land, And let her die of thirst. 6I will also disown her children; For they are now a harlot's brood, 7In that their mother has played the harlot, She that conceived them has acted shamelessly— Because she thought, “I will go after my lovers, Who supply my bread and my water, My wool and my linen, My oil and my drink.” 8Assuredly, I will hedge up her e Heb. “your.” Vv. 8–9 would read well after v. 15 . roads with thorns And raise walls against her, And she shall not find her paths. 9Pursue her lovers as she will, She shall not overtake them; And seek them as she may, She shall never find them. Then she will say, “I will go and return To my first husband, For then I fared better than now.” 10And she did not consider this: It was I who bestowed on her The new grain and wine and oil; I who lavished silver on her And gold—which they used for Baal. 11Assuredly, I will take back My new grain in its time And My new wine in its season, And I will snatch away My wool and My linen That serve to cover her nakedness. 12Now will I uncover her shame In the very sight of her lovers, And none shall save her from Me. 13And I will end all her rejoicing: Her festivals, new moons, and sabbaths— All her festive seasons. 14I will lay waste her vines and her fig trees, Which she thinks are a fee She received from her lovers; I will turn them into brushwood, And beasts of the field shall devour them. 15Thus will I punish her For the days of the Baalim, On which she brought them offerings; When, decked with earrings and jewels, She would go after her lovers, Forgetting Me

—declares the LORD

16Assuredly, I will speak coaxingly to her And lead her through the wilderness a I.e., her ravaged land (see vv. 5, 10–11, 14 ); so Ibn Ezra. And speak to her tenderly. 17I will give her her vineyards from there, And the Valley of Achor b A desolate region; cf. Isa. 65.10 ; see further Josh. 7.25–26 . as a c‐ Connecting pethaπ with pittaπ“to plow” (see Isa. 28.24 ). Meaning of Heb. uncertain; others “door of hope.” plowland of hope. ‐c Connecting pethaπ with pittaπ“to plow” (see Isa. 28.24 ). Meaning of Heb. uncertain; others “door of hope.” There she shall respond as in the days of her youth, When she came up from the land of Egypt. 18And in that day

—declares the LORD—

You will call [Me] Ishi, d Both Ishi and Baali mean“my husband,” but the latter also means “my Baal.” And no more will you call Me Baali. d Both Ishi and Baali mean“my husband,” but the latter also means “my Baal.” 19For I will remove the names of the Baalim from her mouth, And they shall nevermore be mentioned by name.

20In that day, I will make a covenant for them with the beasts of the field, the birds of the air, and the creeping things of the ground; I will also banish a Lit. “break.” bow, sword, and war from the land. Thus I will let them lie down in safety.

21And I will espouse you forever: will espouse you b‐ As the bride‐price which the bridegroom will pay, He will confer these qualities on her, so that she will never offend again. with righteousness and justice, And with goodness and mercy, 22And I will espouse you with faithfulness; ‐b As the bride‐price which the bridegroom will pay, He will confer these qualities on her, so that she will never offend again. Then you shall be devoted to the LORD. 23In that day, I will respond

—declares the LORD—

I will respond to the sky, And it shall respond to the earth; 24And the earth shall respond With new grain and wine and oil, And they shall respond to Jezreel. c I.e., “God sows.” The names of Hosea's children ( 1.3–8 ) are applied here to Israel. 25I will sow her in the land as My own; And take Lo‐ruhamah back in favor; And I will say to Lo‐ammi, “You are My people,” And he will respond, “[You are] my God.”

Notes:

h Vv. 1–3 anticipate the conclusion of the chapter.

a See 1.9 .

b Meaning, perhaps, “from their wretched condition,” or “to ascendancy over the land.”

c‐c I.e., the day when the name Jezreel will convey a promise ( 2.23–25 ) instead of a threat ( 1.4–5 ).

d The Lord addresses Hosea and his fellow North Israelites; see 1.9 . The mother is the nation; her children the individual North Israelites.

e Heb. “your.” Vv. 8–9 would read well after v. 15 .

a I.e., her ravaged land (see vv. 5, 10–11, 14 ); so Ibn Ezra.

b A desolate region; cf. Isa. 65.10 ; see further Josh. 7.25–26 .

c‐c Connecting pethaπ with pittaπ“to plow” (see Isa. 28.24 ). Meaning of Heb. uncertain; others “door of hope.”

d Both Ishi and Baali mean“my husband,” but the latter also means “my Baal.”

a Lit. “break.”

b‐b As the bride‐price which the bridegroom will pay, He will confer these qualities on her, so that she will never offend again.

c I.e., “God sows.” The names of Hosea's children ( 1.3–8 ) are applied here to Israel.

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