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The Jewish Study Bible Contextualizes the Hebrew Bible with accompanying scholarly text on Jewish traditions and history.

Chapter 45

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1When you allot the land as an inheritance, you shall set aside from the land, as a gift sacred to the LORD, an area b Lit. “length.” 25,000 [cubits] long and 10,000 c Septuagint reads 20,000; cf. vv. 3–5 . wide: this shall be holy through its entire extent. 2Of this, a square measuring a full 500 by 500 shall be reserved for the Sanctuary, d Cf. 42.15 ff. and 50 cubits for an open space all around it. 3Of the aforesaid area, you shall measure off, as most holy and destined to include the Sanctuary, [a space] 25,000 long by 10,000 wide; 4it is a sacred portion of the land; it shall provide space for houses for the priests, the ministrants of the Sanctuary who are qualified to minister to the LORD, as well as holy ground for the Sanctuary. 5Another [space], 25,000 long by 10,000 wide, shall be the property of the Levites, the servants of the Temple— e‐ Septuagint reads “for towns to dwell in.” twenty chambers. ‐e Septuagint reads “for towns to dwell in.” 6Alongside the sacred reserve, you shall set aside [a space] 25,000 long by 5,000 wide, as the property of the city; it shall belong to the whole House of Israel. 7And to the prince shall belong, on both sides of the sacred reserve and the property of the city and alongside the sacred reserve and the property of the city, on the west extending westward and on the east extending eastward, a portion b Lit. “length.” corresponding to one of the [tribal] portions that extend from the western border to the eastern border 8of the land. f Cf. for all the foregoing 48.1 ff. That shall be his property in Israel; and My princes shall no more defraud My people, but shall leave the rest of the land to the several tribes of the House of Israel.

9Thus said the Lord GOD: Enough, princes of Israel! Make an end of lawlessness and rapine, and do what is right and just! Put a stop to your evictions of My people—declares the Lord GOD. 10Have honest balances, an honest ephah, and an honest bath. g The ephah is used for dry measure and the bath for liquid measure. 11The ephah and the bath shall comprise the same volume, the bath a tenth of a πomer and the ephah a tenth of a πomer; their capacity shall be gauged by the πomer. 12And the shekel shall weigh 20 gerahs. h‐ The Mesopotamian mina of 60 shekels; but meaning of Heb. uncertain. 20 shekels, 25 shekels [and] 10 plus 5 shekels shall count with you as a mina. ‐h The Mesopotamian mina of 60 shekels; but meaning of Heb. uncertain.

13This is the contribution you shall make: One‐sixth of an ephah from every πomer of wheat and one‐sixth of an ephah from every πomer of barley, 14while the due from the oil— a Meaning of Heb. uncertain. the oil being measured by the bath a Meaning of Heb. uncertain. —shall be one‐tenth of a bath from every kor.—As 10 baths make a πomer, so 10 baths make a πomer. b The Vulgate reads “kor”; πomer and kor are synonyms. 15And [the due] from the flock shall be one animal from every 200. [All these shall be contributed] from Israel's products c Meaning of Heb. uncertain. for meal offerings, burnt offerings, and offerings of well‐being, to make expiation for them—declares the Lord GOD. 16In this contribution, the entire population must join with the prince in Israel.

17But the burnt offerings, the meal offerings, and the libations on festivals, new moons, sabbaths—all fixed occasions—of the House of Israel shall be the obligation of the prince; he shall provide the sin offerings, the meal offerings, the burnt offerings, and the offerings of well‐being, to make expiation for the House of Israel.

18Thus said the Lord GOD: On the first day of the first month, you shall take a bull of the herd without blemish, and you shall cleanse the Sanctuary. 19The priest shall take some of the blood of the sin offering and apply it to the doorposts of the Temple, to the four corners of the ledge a Meaning of Heb. uncertain. of the altar, and to the doorposts of the gate of the inner court. 20You shall do the same d‐ Septuagint reads “in the seventh month.” on the seventh day of the month ‐d Septuagint reads “in the seventh month.” to purge the Temple from uncleanness caused by unwitting or ignorant persons.

21On the fourteenth day of the first month you shall have the passover sacrifice; and during a festival of seven days unleavened bread shall be eaten. 22On that day, the prince shall provide a bull of sin offering on behalf of himself and of the entire population; 23and during the seven days of the festival, he shall provide daily—for seven days—seven bulls and seven rams, without blemish, for a burnt offering to the LORD, and one goat daily for a sin offering. 24He shall provide a meal offering of an ephah e Of choice flour. for each bull and an ephah for each ram, with a hin of oil to every ephah. 25So, too, during the festival of the seventh month, for seven days from the fifteenth day on, he shall provide the same sin offerings, burnt offerings, meal offerings, and oil.

Notes:

b Lit. “length.”

c Septuagint reads 20,000; cf. vv. 3–5 .

d Cf. 42.15 ff.

e‐e Septuagint reads “for towns to dwell in.”

f Cf. for all the foregoing 48.1 ff.

g The ephah is used for dry measure and the bath for liquid measure.

h‐h The Mesopotamian mina of 60 shekels; but meaning of Heb. uncertain.

a‐a Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

b The Vulgate reads “kor”; πomer and kor are synonyms.

c Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

d‐d Septuagint reads “in the seventh month.”

e Of choice flour.

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