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The Jewish Study Bible Contextualizes the Hebrew Bible with accompanying scholarly text on Jewish traditions and history.

Chapter 13

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1The LORD spoke further to Moses, saying, 2“Consecrate to Me every first‐born; man and beast, the first issue of every womb among the Israelites is Mine.”

3And Moses said to the people,

“Remember this day, on which you went free from Egypt, the house of bondage, how the LORD freed you from it with a mighty hand: no leavened bread shall be eaten. 4You go free on this day, in the month a Or “on the new moon.” of Abib. 5So, when the LORD has brought you into the land of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites, which He swore to your fathers to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey, you shall observe in this month the following practice:

6“Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, and on the seventh day there shall be a festival of the LORD. 7Throughout the seven days unleavened bread shall be eaten; no leavened bread shall be found with you, and no leaven shall be found in all your territory. 8And you shall explain to your son on that day, ‘It is because of what the LORD did for me when I went free from Egypt.'

9“And this shall serve you as a sign on your hand and as a reminder on your forehead b Lit. “between your eyes.” —in order that the Teaching of the LORD may be in your mouth—that with a mighty hand the LORD freed you from Egypt. 10You shall keep this institution at its set time from year to year.

11“And when the LORD has brought you into the land ofthe Canaanites, as He swore to you and to your fathers, and has given it to you, 12you shall set apart for the LORD every first issue of the womb: every male firstling that your cattle drop shall be the LORD's. 13But every firstling ass you shall redeem with a sheep; if you do not redeem it, you must break its neck. And you must redeem every first‐born male among your children. 14And when, in time to come, your son asks you, saying, ‘What does this mean?' you shall say to him, ‘It was with a mighty hand that the LORD brought us out from Egypt, the house of bondage. 15When Pharaoh stubbornly refused to let us go, the LORD slew every first‐born in the land of Egypt, the first‐born of both man and beast. Therefore I sacrifice to the LORD every first male issue of the womb, but redeem every first‐born among my sons.'

16“And so it shall be as a sign upon your hand and as a symbol a Others “frontlet.” on your forehead that with a mighty hand the LORD freed us from Egypt.”

17Now when Pharaoh let the people go, God did not lead them by way of the land of the Philistines, although it was nearer; for God said, “The people may have a change of heart when they see war, and return to Egypt.” 18So God led the people roundabout, by way of the wilderness at the Sea of Reeds.

Now the Israelites went up armed b Meaning of Heb. ḥamushim uncertain. out of the land ofEgypt. 19And Moses took with him the bones of Joseph, who had exacted an oath from the children of Israel, saying, “God will be sure to take notice of you: then you shall carry up my bones from here with you.”

20They set out from Succoth, and encamped at Etham, at the edge of the wilderness. 21The LORD went before them in a pillar of cloud by day, to guide them along the way, and in a pillar of fire by night, to give them light, that they might travel day and night. 22The pillar of cloud by day and the pillar of fire by night did not depart from before the people.

Notes:

a Or “on the new moon.”

b Lit. “between your eyes.”

a Others “frontlet.”

b Meaning of Heb. ḥamushim uncertain.

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