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The Jewish Study Bible Contextualizes the Hebrew Bible with accompanying scholarly text on Jewish traditions and history.

Chapter 33

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1This is the blessing with which Moses, the man of God, bade the Israelites farewell before he died.

2He said:

The LORD came from Sinai; He shone upon them from Seir; He appeared from Mount Paran, And approached from Ribeboth‐kodesh, a Cf. Meribath‐kadesh, 32.51 . Lightning flashing at them from His right. b Meaning of Heb.mimino 'eshdath uncertain, perhaps a place name. 3 c The meaning of vv. 3–5 is uncertain. An alternative rendering, with v. 3 apostrophizing Moses, is:3 Then were, O lover of the people, / All His worshippers in your care; / They followed your lead, / Accepted your precepts. / 4 Moses charged us with the Teaching / As the heritage of the congregation of Jacob. / 5Thus was he king in Jeshurun… Lover, indeed, of the people, Their hallowed are all in Your hand. They followed in Your steps, Accepting Your pronouncements, 4When Moses charged us with the Teaching As the heritage of the congregation of Jacob. 5Then He became King in Jeshurun, When the heads of the people assembled, The tribes of Israel together. 6May Reuben live and not die, Though few be his numbers.

7And this he said of Judah:

Hear, O LORD the voice of Judah And restore him to his people. d‐ Better (vocalizing rab with pathaḥ)“Make his hands strong for him.” Cf. rabbeh, Judg. 9.29 . Though his own hands strive for him, ‐d Better (vocalizing rab with pathaḥ)“Make his hands strong for him.” Cf. rabbeh, Judg. 9.29 . Help him against his foes.

8And of Levi he said:

Let Your Thummim and Urim Be with Your faithful one, Whom You tested at Massah, Challenged at the waters of Meribah; 9Who said of his father and mother, “I consider them not.” His brothers he disregarded, Ignored his own children. Your precepts alone they observed, And kept Your covenant. 10They shall teach Your laws to Jacob And Your instructions to Israel. a‐ Lit. “They shall place incense in Your nostril.” They shall offer You incense to savor ‐a Lit. “They shall place incense in Your nostril.” And whole‐offerings on Your altar. 11Bless, O LORD, his substance, And favor his undertakings. Smite the loins of his foes; Let his enemies rise no more.

12Of Benjamin he said:

Beloved of the LORD, He rests securely beside Him; Ever does He protect him, b‐ Or “He dwells amid his slopes.” As he rests between His shoulders. ‐b Or “He dwells amid his slopes.”

13And of Joseph he said:

Blessed of the LORD be his land With the bounty of dew c Targum Onkelos and two Hebrew manuscripts read: “With the bounty of heaven above” (me'al for mi††al, cf. Gen. 49.25 ). from heaven, And of the deep that couches below; 14With the bounteous yield of the sun, And the bounteous crop of the moons; 15With the best from the ancient mountains, And the bounty of hills immemorial; 16With the bounty of earth and its fullness, And the favor of the Presence d Lit. “Dweller”; cf. Exod. 3.1 ff. in the Bush. May these rest on the head of Joseph, On the crown of the elect of his brothers. 17Like a firstling bull in his majesty, He has horns like the horns of the wild‐ox; With them he gores the peoples, The ends of the earth one and all. These a I.e., the one horn. are the myriads of Ephraim, Those b I.e., the other horn. are the thousands of Manasseh. 18And of Zebulun he said: Rejoice, O Zebulun, on your journeys, And Issachar, in your tents. 19They invite their kin to the mountain, Where they offer sacrifices of success. For they draw from the riches of the sea And the hidden hoards of the sand.

20And of Gad he said:

Blessed be He who enlarges Gad! Poised is he like a lion To tear off arm and scalp. 21 c‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain; cf. vv. 3–5 (with note c) above, and saphun “esteemed” in post‐biblical Heb. He chose for himself the best, For there is the portion of the revered chieftain, Where the heads of the people come. He executed the LORD's judgments And His decisions for Israel. ‐c Meaning of Heb. uncertain; cf. vv. 3–5 (with note c) above, and saphun “esteemed” in post‐biblical Heb.

22And of Dan he said:

Dan is a lion's whelp That leaps forth from Bashan.

23And of Naphtali he said:

O Naphtali, sated with favor And full of the LORD's blessing, Take possession on the west and south.

24And of Asher he said:

Most blessed of sons be Asher; May he be the favorite of his brothers, May he dip his foot in oil. 25 d Meaning of Heb. uncertain. May your doorbolts be iron and copper, And your security last all your days. 26O Jeshurun, there is none like God, Riding through the heavens to help you, Through the skies in His majesty. 27 d Meaning of Heb. uncertain. The ancient God is a refuge, A support are the arms everlasting. He drove out the enemy before you By His command: Destroy! 28Thus Israel dwells in safety, Untroubled is Jacob's abode, a Others “fountain.” In a land of grain and wine, Under heavens dripping dew. 29O happy Israel! Who is like you, A people delivered by the LORD, Your protecting Shield, your Sword triumphant! Your enemies shall come cringing before you, And you shall tread on their backs.

Notes:

a Cf. Meribath‐kadesh, 32.51 .

b Meaning of Heb.mimino 'eshdath uncertain, perhaps a place name.

c The meaning of vv. 3–5 is uncertain. An alternative rendering, with v. 3 apostrophizing Moses, is:3 Then were, O lover of the people, / All His worshippers in your care; / They followed your lead, / Accepted your precepts. / 4 Moses charged us with the Teaching / As the heritage of the congregation of Jacob. / 5Thus was he king in Jeshurun…

d‐d Better (vocalizing rab with pathaḥ)“Make his hands strong for him.” Cf. rabbeh, Judg. 9.29 .

a‐a Lit. “They shall place incense in Your nostril.”

b‐b Or “He dwells amid his slopes.”

c Targum Onkelos and two Hebrew manuscripts read: “With the bounty of heaven above” (me'al for mi††al, cf. Gen. 49.25 ).

d Lit. “Dweller”; cf. Exod. 3.1 ff.

a I.e., the one horn.

b I.e., the other horn.

c‐c Meaning of Heb. uncertain; cf. vv. 3–5 (with note c) above, and saphun “esteemed” in post‐biblical Heb.

d Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

a Others “fountain.”

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