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The Oxford Study Bible Study Bible supplemented with commentary from scholars of various religions.

Chapter 7

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1 WHEN the wall had been rebuilt, and I had put the gates in place and the gatekeepers a 7:1 gate-keepers: prob. rdg; Heb. adds the singers and the Levites. had been appointed, 2I gave the charge of Jerusalem to my brother Hanani and to Hananiah, the governor of the citadel, for he was trustworthy and godfearing above other men. 3I said to them, ‘The entrances to Jerusalem are not to be left open during the heat of the day; the gates must be kept shut and barred while the gate-keepers are standing at ease. Appoint guards from among the inhabitants of Jerusalem, some on sentry duty and others posted in front of their own homes.’

4The city was large and spacious; there were few people in it and no houses had yet been rebuilt. 5Then God prompted me to assemble the nobles, the magistrates, and the people, to be enrolled family by family. I discovered the register of the genealogies of those who had been the first to come back, and this is what I found written in it:

6 b 7:6–73 Cp. Ezra 2:1–70 . Of the captives whom King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon had taken into exile, these are the people of the province who have returned to Jerusalem and Judah, each to his own town, 7led by Zerubbabel, Jeshua, Nehemiah, Azariah, Raamiah, Nahamani, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispereth, Bigvai, Nehum, and Baanah.

The roll of the men of the people of Israel: 8the line of Parosh two thousand one hundred and seventy-two; 9the line of Shephatiah three hundred and seventy-two; 10the line of Arah six hundred and fifty-two; 11the line of Pahath-moab, namely the lines of Jeshua and Joab, two thousand eight hundred and eighteen; 12the line of Elam one thousand two hundred and fifty-four; 13the line of Zattu eight hundred and forty-five; 14the line of Zaccai seven hundred and sixty; 15the line of Binnui six hundred and forty-eight; 16the line of Bebai six hundred and twenty-eight; 17the line of Azgad two thousand three hundred and twenty-two; 18the line of Adonikam six hundred and sixty-seven; 19the line of Bigvai two thousand and sixty-seven; 20the line of Adin six hundred and fifty-five; 21the line of Ater, namely that of Hezekiah, ninety-eight; 22the line of Hashum three hundred and twenty-eight; 23the line of Bezai three hundred and twenty-four; 24the line of Hariph one hundred and twelve; 25the line of Gibeon ninety-five. 26The men of Bethlehem and Netophah one hundred and eighty-eight; 27the men of Anathoth one hundred and twenty-eight; 28the men of Beth-azmoth forty-two; 29the men of Kiriath-jearim, Kephirah, and Beeroth seven hundred and forty-three; 30the men of Ramah and Geba six hundred and twenty-one; 31the men of Michmas one hundred and twenty-two; 32the men of Bethel and Ai one hundred and twenty-three; 33the men of c 7:33 the men of: prob. rdg, cp. Ezra 2:29 ; Heb. adds the other. Nebo fifty-two; 34the men d 7:34 men: prob. rdg; Heb. line (also in verses 35–38). of the other Elam one thousand two hundred and fifty-four; 35the men of Harim three hundred and twenty; 36the men of Jericho three hundred and forty-five; 37the men of Lod, Hadid, and Ono seven hundred and twenty-one; 38the men of Senaah three thousand nine hundred and thirty.

39Priests: the line of Jedaiah, of the house of Jeshua, nine hundred and seventy-three; 40the line of Immer one thousand and fifty-two; 41the line of Pashhur one thousand two hundred and forty-seven; 42the line of Harim one thousand and seventeen.

43Levites: the lines of Jeshua and e 7:43 and: prob. rdg, cp. Ezra 2:40 ; Heb. to. Kadmiel, of the house of Hodvah, seventy-four. 44Singers: the line of Asaph one hundred and forty-eight. 45Door-keepers: the line of Shallum, the line of Ater, the line of Talmon, the line of Akkub, the line of Hatita, and the line of Shobai, one hundred and thirty-eight in all.

46Temple servitors: the line of Ziha, the line of Hasupha, the line of Tabbaoth, 47the line of Keros, the line of Sia, the line of Padon, 48the line of Lebanah, the line of Hagabah, the line of Shalmai, 49the line of Hanan, the line of Giddel, the line of Gahar, 50the line of Reaiah, the line of Rezin, the line of Nekoda, 51the line of Gazzam, the line of Uzza, the line of Paseah, 52the line of Besai, the line of the Meunim, the line of the Nephishesim, 53the line of Bakbuk, the line of Hakupha, the line of Harhur, 54the line of Bazlith, the line of Mehida, the line of Harsha, 55the line of Barkos, the line of Sisera, the line of Temah, 56the line of Neziah, and the line of Hatipha.

57Descendants of Solomon's servants: the line of Sotai, the line of Sophereth, the line of Perida, 58the line of Jaalah, the line of Darkon, the line of Giddel, 59the line of Shephatiah, the line of Hattil, the line of Pochereth-hazzebaim, and the line of Amon.

60The temple servitors and the descendants of Solomon's servants amounted to three hundred and ninety-two in all.

61The following were those who returned from Tel-melah, Tel-harsha, Kerub, Addon, and Immer, but could not establish their father's line nor whether by descent they belonged to Israel: 62the line of Delaiah, the line of Tobiah, the line of Nekoda, six hundred and forty-two. 63Also of the priests: the line of Hobaiah, the line of Hakkoz, and the line of Barzillai who had married a daughter of Barzillai the Gileadite and went by his name. 64These searched for their names among those enrolled in the genealogies, but they could not be found; they were disqualified for the priesthood as unclean, 65and the governor forbade them to partake of the most sacred food until there should be a priest able to consult the Urim and the Thummim.

66The whole assembled people numbered forty-two thousand three hundred and sixty, 67apart from their slaves, male and female, of whom there were seven thousand three hundred and thirty-seven; and they had two hundred and forty-five singers, men and women. 68Their horses numbered seven hundred and thirty-six, their mules two hundred and forty-five f 7:68 Their horses … forty-five: so some MSS; others omit. , 69their camels four hundred and thirty-five, and their donkeys six thousand seven hundred and twenty.

70Some of the heads of families gave contributions for the work. The governor gave to the treasury a thousand gold drachmas, fifty tossing-bowls, and five hundred and thirty priestly vestments. 71Some of the heads of families gave for the fabric fund twenty thousand gold drachmas and two thousand two hundred silver minas. 72What the rest of the people gave us was twenty thousand gold drachmas, two thousand silver minas, and sixty-seven priestly vestments.

73The priests and Levites, with some of the people, lived in Jerusalem and its neighbourhood g 7:73 in … neighbourhood: prob. rdg, cp. 1 Esd. 5:46; Heb. omits. ; the door-keepers, the singers, the temple servitors, and all other Israelites lived in their own towns.

Notes:

a 7:1 gate-keepers: prob. rdg; Heb. adds the singers and the Levites.

b 7:6–73 Cp. Ezra 2:1–70 .

c 7:33 the men of: prob. rdg, cp. Ezra 2:29 ; Heb. adds the other.

d 7:34 men: prob. rdg; Heb. line (also in verses 35–38).

e 7:43 and: prob. rdg, cp. Ezra 2:40 ; Heb. to.

f 7:68 Their horses … forty-five: so some MSS; others omit.

g 7:73 in … neighbourhood: prob. rdg, cp. 1 Esd. 5:46; Heb. omits.

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