1King Antiochus was going through the upper provinces when he heard that Elymais in Persia was a city famed for its wealth in silver and gold. 2Its temple was very rich, containing golden shields, breastplates, and weapons left there by Alexander son of Philip, the Macedonian king who first reigned over the Greeks. 3So he came and tried to take the city and plunder it, but he could not because his plan had become known to the citizens 4and they withstood him in battle. So he fled and in great disappointment left there to return to Babylon.
5Then someone came to him in Persia and reported that the armies that had gone into the land of Judah had been routed; 6that Lysias had gone first with a strong force, but had turned and fled before the Jews; b Gk some of their clothing that the Jews c Gk he had grown strong from the arms, supplies, and abundant spoils that they had taken from the armies they had cut down; 7that they had torn down the abomination that he had erected on the altar in Jerusalem; and that they had surrounded the sanctuary with high walls as before, and also Beth‐zur, his town.
8When the king heard this news, he was astounded and badly shaken. He took to his bed and became sick from disappointment, because things had not turned out for him as he had planned. 9He lay there for many days, because deep disappointment continually gripped him, and he realized that he was dying. 10So he called all his Friends and said to them, “Sleep has departed from my eyes and I am downhearted with worry. 11I said to myself, ‘To what distress I have come! And into what a great flood I now am plunged! For I was kind and beloved in my power.’ 12But now I remember the wrong I did in Jerusalem. I seized all its vessels of silver and gold, and I sent to destroy the inhabitants of Judah without good reason. 13I know that it is because of this that these misfortunes have come upon me; here I am, perishing of bitter disappointment in a strange land.”
14Then he called for Philip, one of his Friends, and made him ruler over all his kingdom. 15He gave him the crown and his robe and the signet, so that he might guide his son Antiochus and bring him up to be king. 16Thus King Antiochus died there in the one hundred forty‐ninth year. d Gk them 17When Lysias learned that the king was dead, he set up Antiochus the king's e Meaning of Gk uncertain son to reign. Lysias a Gk they had brought him up from boyhood; he named him Eupator.
18Meanwhile the garrison in the citadel kept hemming Israel in around the sanctuary. They were trying in every way to harm them and strengthen the Gentiles. 19Judas therefore resolved to destroy them, and assembled all the people to besiege them. 20They gathered together and besieged the citadel b Gk these things in the one hundred fiftieth year; c Cn: Gk marble, Syr silk and he built siege towers and other engines of war. 21But some of the garrison escaped from the siege and some of the ungodly Israelites joined them. 22They went to the king and said, “How long will you fail to do justice and to avenge our kindred? 23We were happy to serve your father, to live by what he said, and to follow his commands. 24For this reason the sons of our people besieged the citadel d That is, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah (Dan 2.17 ), the original names of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego (Dan 1.6–7 ) and became hostile to us; moreover, they have put to death as many of us as they have caught, and they have seized our inheritances. 25It is not against us alone that they have stretched out their hands; they have also attacked all the lands on their borders. 26And see, today they have encamped against the citadel in Jerusalem to take it; they have fortified both the sanctuary and Beth‐zur; 27unless you quickly prevent them, they will do still greater things, and you will not be able to stop them.”
28The king was enraged when he heard this. He assembled all his Friends, the commanders of his forces and those in authority. e Meaning of Gk uncertain 29Mercenary forces also came to him from other kingdoms and from islands of the seas. 30The number of his forces was one hundred thousand foot soldiers, twenty thousand horsemen, and thirty‐two elephants accustomed to war. 31They came through Idumea and encamped against Beth‐zur, and for many days they fought and built engines of war; but the Jews f Gk hand sallied out and burned these with fire, and fought courageously.
32Then Judas marched away from the citadel and encamped at Beth‐zechariah, opposite the camp of the king. 33Early in the morning the king set out and took his army by a forced march along the road to Beth‐zechariah, and his troops made ready for battle and sounded their trumpets. 34They offered the elephants the juice of grapes and mulberries, to arouse them for battle. 35They distributed the animals among the phalanxes; with each elephant they stationed a thousand men armed with coats of mail, and with brass helmets on their heads; and five hundred picked horsemen were assigned to each beast. 36These took their position beforehand wherever the animal was; wherever it went, they went with it, and they never left it. 37On the elephants g Gk lacks rest of the were wooden towers, strong and covered; they were fastened on each animal by special harness, and on each were four h The Greek words for mastic tree and cut are similar, thus forming an ironic wordplay armed men who fought from there, and also its Indian driver. 38The rest of the cavalry were stationed on either side, on the two flanks of the army, to harass the enemy while being themselves protected by the phalanxes. 39When the sun shone on the shields of gold and brass, the hills were ablaze with them and gleamed like flaming torches.
40Now a part of the king's army was spread out on the high hills, and some troops were on the plain, and they advanced steadily and in good order. 41All who heard the noise made by their multitude, by the marching of the multitude and the clanking of their arms, trembled, for the army was very large and strong. 42But Judas and his army advanced to the battle, and six hundred of the king's army fell. 43Now Eleazar, called Avaran, saw that one of the animals was equipped with royal armor. It was taller than all the others, and he supposed that the king was on it. 44So he gave his life to save his people and to win for himself an everlasting name. 45He courageously ran into the midst of the phalanx to reach it; he killed men right and left, and they parted before him on both sides. 46He got under the elephant, stabbed it from beneath, and killed it; but it fell to the ground upon him and he died. 47When the Jews a The Greek words for evergreen oak and split are similar, thus forming an ironic wordplay saw the royal might and the fierce attack of the forces, they turned away in flight.
48The soldiers of the king's army went up to Jerusalem against them, and the king encamped in Judea and at Mount Zion. 49He made peace with the people of Bethzur, and they evacuated the town because they had no provisions there to withstand a siege, since it was a sabbatical year for the land. 50So the king took Beth‐zur and stationed a guard there to hold it. 51Then he encamped before the sanctuary for many days. He set up siege towers, engines of war to throw fire and stones, machines to shoot arrows, and catapults. 52The Jews a The Greek words for evergreen oak and split are similar, thus forming an ironic wordplay also made engines of war to match theirs, and fought for many days. 53But they had no food in storage, b A little more than fifty gallons because it was the seventh year; those who had found safety in Judea from the Gentiles had consumed the last of the stores. 54Only a few men were left in the sanctuary; the rest scattered to their own homes, for the famine proved too much for them.
55Then Lysias heard that Philip, whom King Antiochus while still living had appointed to bring up his son Antiochus to be king, 56had returned from Persia and Media with the forces that had gone with the king, and that he was trying to seize control of the government. 57So he quickly gave orders to withdraw, and said to the king, to the commanders of the forces, and to the troops, “Daily we grow weaker, our food supply is scant, the place against which we are fighting is strong, and the affairs of the kingdom press urgently on us. 58Now then let us come to terms with these people, and make peace with them and with all their nation. 59Let us agree to let them live by their laws as they did before; for it was on account of their laws that we abolished that they became angry and did all these things.”
60The speech pleased the king and the commanders, and he sent to the Jews c Gk his priests an offer of peace, and they accepted it. 61So the king and the commanders gave them their oath. On these conditions the Jews a The Greek words for evergreen oak and split are similar, thus forming an ironic wordplay evacuated the stronghold. 62But when the king entered Mount Zion and saw what a strong fortress the place was, he broke the oath he had sworn and gave orders to tear down the wall all around. 63Then he set off in haste and returned to Antioch. He found Philip in control of the city, but he fought against him, and took the city by force.
d Gk some of their clothing
e Gk he
f Gk them
a Meaning of Gk uncertain
b Gk they
c Gk these things
d Cn: Gk marble, Syr silk
a Meaning of Gk uncertain
a Gk hand
a Gk lacks rest of the
b The Greek words for mastic tree and cut are similar, thus forming an ironic wordplay
c The Greek words for evergreen oak and split are similar, thus forming an ironic wordplay
a A little more than fifty gallons
b Gk his priests