Duties toward Parents*
1Children, pay heed to a father’s right; do so that you may live. 2For the LORD sets a father in honor over his children; a mother’s authority he confirms over her sons. 3He who honors his father atones for sins; 4he stores up riches who reveres his mother. 5He who honors his father is gladdened by children, and when he prays he is heard. 6He who reveres his father will live a long life; he obeys the LORD who brings comfort to his mother.
7He who fears the LORD honors his father, and serves his parents as rulers. 8In word and deed honor your father that his blessing may come upon you; l Ex 20, 12; Dt 5, 16; Mt 15, 4; Mk 7, 10; Eph 6, 2 . 9For a father’s blessing gives a family firm roots, but a mother’s curse uproots the growing plant. m Gn 27, 29; 49, 2–27 . 10Glory not in your father’s shame, for his shame is no glory to you! 11His father’s honor is a man’s glory; disgrace for her children, a mother’s shame. 12My son, take care of your father when he is old; grieve him not as long as he lives. n Prv 23, 22 . 13Even if his mind fail, be considerate with him; revile him not in the fullness of your strength. 14For kindness to a father will not be forgotten, it will serve as a sin offering—it will take lasting root. 15In time of tribulation it will be recalled to your advantage, like warmth upon frost it will melt away your sins. 16A blasphemer is he who despises his father; accursed of his Creator, he who angers his mother. o Prv 19, 26; 30, 11. 14. 17 .
17My son, conduct your affairs with humility, and you will be loved more than a giver of gifts. 18Humble yourself the more, the greater you are, and you will find favor with God. p Mt 23, 12 . 19For great is the power of God; by the humble he is glorified.* 20What is too sublime for you, seek not, into things beyond your strength search not. q Ps 131, 1 . 21What is committed to you, attend to; for what is hidden is not your concern. 22With what is too much for you meddle not, when shown things beyond human understanding. 23Their own opinion has misled many, and false reasoning unbalanced their judgment. 24Where the pupil of the eye is missing, there is no light, and where there is no knowledge, there is no wisdom.
25A stubborn man will fare badly in the end, and he who loves danger will perish in it. 26A stubborn man will be burdened with sorrow; a sinner will heap sin upon sin. 27For the affliction of the proud man there is no cure; he is the offshoot of an evil plant. r Dt 32, 32; Wis 12, 10 . 28The mind of a sage appreciates proverbs, and an attentive ear is the wise man’s joy.
Alms for the Poor*
29Water quenches a flaming fire, and alms atone for sins. s Dn 4, 27 . 30He who does a kindness is remembered afterward; when he falls, he finds a support.