God's Just Judgment. 1 a Mt 7, 1–2 . *Therefore, you are without excuse, every one of you who passes judgment. For by the standard by which you judge another you condemn yourself, since you, the judge, do the very same things. 2We know that the judgment of God on those who do such things is true. 3 b WIs 16, 15–16 . Do you suppose, then, you who judge those who engage in such things and yet do them yourself, that you will escape the judgment of God? 4 c 3, 25–26; 9, 22; WIs 11, 23; 15, 1; 2 Pt 3, 9. 15 . Or do you hold his priceless kindness, forbearance, and patience in low esteem, unaware that the kindness of God would lead you to repentance? 5 d Ex 33, 3; Acts 7, 51; Rv 6, 17; 11, 18 . By your stubbornness and impenitent heart, you are storing up wrath for yourself for the day of wrath and revelation of the just judgment of God, 6 e Ps 62, 12; PRv 24, 12; Sir 16, 14; Mt 16, 27; Jn 5, 29; 2 Cor 5, 10 . *who will repay everyone according to his works: 7eternal life to those who seek glory, honor, and immortality through perseverance in good works, 8 f 2 Thes 1, 8 . but wrath and fury to those who selfishly disobey the truth and obey wickedness. 9Yes, affliction and distress will come upon every human being who does evil, Jew first and then Greek. 10 g 1, 16; 3, 9. But there will be glory, honor, and peace for everyone who does good, Jew first and then Greek. 11 h Dt 10, 17; 2 Chr 19, 7; Sir 35, 12–13; Acts 10, 34; Gal 2, 6;Eph 6, 9; Col 3, 25; 1 Pt 1, 17 . *There is no partiality with God.
Judgment by the Interior Law. 12 i 3, 19. *All who sin outside the law will also perish without reference to it, and all who sin under the law will be judged in accordance with it. 13 j Mt 7, 21; Lk 6, 46–49; 8, 21; Jas 1, 22–25; 1 Jn 3, 7 . For it is not those who hear the law who are just in the sight of God; rather, those who observe the law will be justified. 14 k Acts 10, 35 . For when the Gentiles who do not have the law by nature observe the prescriptions of the law, they are a law for themselves even though they do not have the law. 15 *They show that the demands of the law are written in their hearts, while their conscience also bears witness and their conflicting thoughts accuse or even defend them 16 l Acts 10, 42; 17, 31 . on the day when, according to my gospel, God will judge people's hidden works through Christ Jesus.
Judgment by the Mosaic Law. 17 m Is 48, 1–2; Mi 3, 11; Phil 3, 4–6 . *Now if you call yourself a Jew and rely on the law and boast of God 18 n Phil 1, 10 . and know his will and are able to discern what is important since you are instructed from the law, 19 o Mt 15, 14; Lk 6, 39 . and if you are confident that you are a guide for the blind and a light for those in darkness, 20 p 2 Tm 3, 15 . that you are a trainer of the foolish and teacher of the simple, because in the law you have the formulation of knowledge and truth— 21 q Ps 50, 16–21; Mt 23, 3–4 . then you who teach another, are you failing to teach yourself? You who preach against stealing, do you steal? 22You who forbid adultery, do you commit adultery? You who detest idols, do you rob temples? 23You who boast of the law, do you dishonor God by breaking the law? 24 r Is 52, 5; Ez 36, 20; 2 Pt 2, 2 . *For, as it is written, “Because of you the name of God is reviled among the Gentiles.”
25 s Jer 4, 4; 9, 24–25 . t 1 Cor 7, 19; Gal 5, 3 . Circumcision, to be sure, has value if you observe the law; but if you break the law, your circumcision has become uncircumcision. 26 u Gal 5, 6 . Again, if an uncircumcised man keeps the precepts of the law, will he not be considered circumcised? 27Indeed, those who are physically uncircumcised but carry out the law will pass judgment on you, with your written law and circumcision, who break the law. 28 v Jn 7, 24; 8, 15. 39 . One is not a Jew outwardly. True circumcision is not outward, in the flesh. 29 w Dt 30, 6; Jer 4, 4; 9, 25; Col 2, 11 / 1 Cor 4, 5; 2 Cor 10, 18 . Rather, one is a Jew inwardly, and circumcision is of the heart, in the spirit, not the letter; his praise is not from human beings but from God.
g: 1, 16; 3, 9.
i: 3, 19.