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The Catholic Study Bible A special version of the New American Bible, with a wealth of background information useful to Catholics.

Chapter 78

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A New Beginning in Zion and David

1A maskil of Asaph. A psalm of Asaph.

I

Attend, my people, to my teaching; listen to the words of my mouth. 2I will open my mouth in story,* drawing lessons from of old. a Ps 49, 5; Mt 13, 35 . 3We have heard them, we know them; our ancestors have recited them to us. b Ps 44, 2 . 4We do not keep them from our children; we recite them to the next generation, The praiseworthy and mighty deeds of the LORD, the wonders that he performed. c Ex 10, 2; Dt 4, 9; Jb 8, 8 . 5God set up a decree in Jacob, established a law in Israel: d Ps 147, 19; Dt 33, 4 . What he commanded our ancestors, they were to teach their children; 6That the next generation might come to know, children yet to be born. e Ps 22, 31–32; Dt 4, 9; 6, 7 . In turn they were to recite them to their children, 7that they too might put their trust in God, And not forget the works of God, keeping his commandments. 8They were not to be like their ancestors, a rebellious and defiant generation, f Dt 31, 27; 32, 5 . A generation whose heart was not constant, g Ps 95, 10 . whose spirit was not faithful to God, 9Like the ranks of Ephraimite archers,* who retreated on the day of battle. 10They did not keep God's covenant; they refused to walk by his law. 11They forgot his works, the wondrous deeds he had shown them.

II

A

12In the sight of their ancestors God did wonders, in the land of Egypt, the plain of Zoan. h Ps 106, 7 . * 13He split the sea and led them across, i 78, 13–14: Ex 78, 14–15; Ps 136, 13 . piling up the waters rigid as walls. j Ex 14, 22; 15, 8 . 14God led them with a cloud by day, all night with the light of fire. k Ps 105, 39; Ex 13, 21; WIs 18, 3 . 15He split rock in the desert, gave water to drink, abounding as the deep. l Pss 105, 41; 114, 8; Ex 17, 1–7; Nm 20, 2–13; Dt 8, 15; WIs 11, 4; Is 48, 21 . 16He made streams flow from crags, drew out rivers of water.

B

17But they went on sinning against him, rebelling against the Most High in the desert. m Dt 9, 7; Ez 20, 13 . 18They tested God in their hearts, demanding the food they craved. n Ps 106, 14; Ex 16, 2–36 . 19They spoke against God, and said, “Can God spread a table in the desert? o Ps 23, 5 . 20True, when he struck the rock, water gushed forth, the wadis flooded. But can he also provide bread, give meat to his people?”

C

21The LORD heard and grew angry; p 78, 21f: Nm 11; Dt 32, 22 . fire blazed up against Jacob; anger flared up against Israel. 22For they did not believe in God, did not trust in his saving power. 23So he commanded the skies above;* the doors of heaven he opened. 24God rained manna upon them for food; bread from heaven he gave them. q Ps 105, 40; Ex 16, 4. 14; Dt 8, 3; WIs 16, 20; Jn 6, 31 . 25All ate a meal fit for heroes; food he sent in abundance. 26He stirred up the east wind in the heavens; by his power God brought on the south wind. 27He rained meat upon them like dust, winged fowl like the sands of the sea, 28Brought them down in the midst of the camp, round about their tents. 29They ate and were well filled; he gave them what they had craved. 30But while they still wanted more, and the food was still in their mouths, 31God's anger attacked them, killed their best warriors, laid low the youth of Israel. r Nm 14, 29 . 32In spite of all this they went on sinning, they did not believe in his wonders.

D

33God ended their days abruptly, their years in sudden death. 34When he slew them, they began to seek him; they again inquired of their God. s Dt 32, 15. 18; Is 26, 16 . 35They remembered* that God was their rock, God Most High, their redeemer. 36But they deceived him with their mouths, lied to him with their tongues. 37Their hearts were not constant toward him; they were not faithful to his covenant. t Ps 95, 10; Is 29, 13 . 38But God is merciful and forgave their sin; he did not utterly destroy them. Time and again he turned back his anger, unwilling to unleash all his rage. u Ps 85, 4; Ex 32, 14; Is 48, 9; Ez 20, 22 . * 39He was mindful that they were flesh, a breath that passes and does not return.

III

A

40How often they rebelled against God in the desert, grieved him in the wasteland. 41Again and again they tested God, provoked the Holy One of Israel. 42They did not remember his power, the day he redeemed them from the foe, v Ps 106, 21 . 43When he displayed his wonders in Egypt,* his marvels in the plain of Zoan. w 78, 43f: Pss 105, 27–36; 135, 9; Ex 7, 14–11, 10; 12, 29–36; Wis 78, 16–18 . 44God changed their rivers to blood; their streams they could not drink. 45He sent insects that devoured them, x Ex 8, 17 . frogs that destroyed them. 46He gave their harvest to the caterpillar, the fruits of their labor to the locust. 47He killed their vines with hail, y WIs 16, 16 . their sycamores with frost. 48He exposed their flocks to deadly hail, their cattle to lightning. z Ex 9, 3 . 49He unleashed against them his fiery breath, roar, fury, and distress, storming messengers of death. 50He cleared a path for his anger; he did not spare them from death; he delivered their beasts to the plague. 51He struck all the firstborn of Egypt, a Pss 105, 36; 136, 10; Ex 12, 29 . love's first child in the tents of Ham. 52God led forth his people like sheep; he guided them through the desert like a flock. b Ps 77, 21 . 53He led them on secure and unafraid, but the sea enveloped their enemies. c Ex 14, 26–28 . 54He brought them to his holy land, the mountain his right hand had won. d Ex 15, 17 . 55God drove out the nations before them, apportioned them a heritage by lot, settled the tribes of Israel in their tents.

B

56But they tested, rebelled against God Most High, his decrees they did not observe. 57They turned back, deceitful like their ancestors; they proved false like a bow with no tension. 58They enraged him with their high places; with their idols they goaded him. e Dt 32, 16. 32, 21 .

C

59God heard and grew angry; he rejected Israel completely. 60He forsook the shrine at Shiloh, f Jos 18, 1; 1 Sm 1, 3; Jer 7, 12; 26, 6 . * the tent where he dwelt with humans. 61He gave up his might into captivity, his glorious ark into the hands of the foe. g 1 Sm 4, 11. 4, 22 . 62God abandoned his people to the sword; he was enraged against his heritage. 63Fire consumed their young men; their young women heard no wedding songs. h Dt 32, 25; Jer 7, 34 . 64Their priests fell by the sword; their widows made no lamentation.

D

65Then the Lord awoke as from sleep, like a warrior from the effects of wine. 66He put his enemies to flight; everlasting shame he dealt them. 67He rejected the tent of Joseph, chose not the tribe of Ephraim. 68God chose the tribe of Judah,* Mount Zion which he favored. i Pss 48, 2; 50, 2; LAm 2, 15 . 69He built his shrine like the heavens, like the earth which he founded forever. 70He chose David his servant, took him from the sheepfold. j Ps 89, 21; Ez 34, 23; 37, 24; 2 Chr 6, 6 . 71From tending sheep God brought him, to shepherd Jacob, his people, Israel, his heritage. k 1 Sm 16, 11–13; 2 Sm 7, 8 . 72He shepherded them with a pure heart; with skilled hands he guided them.

Notes:

a: Ps 49, 5; Mt 13, 35 .

b: Ps 44, 2 .

c: Ex 10, 2; Dt 4, 9; Jb 8, 8 .

d: Ps 147, 19; Dt 33, 4 .

e: Ps 22, 31–32; Dt 4, 9; 6, 7 .

f: Dt 31, 27; 32, 5 .

g: Ps 95, 10 .

h: Ps 106, 7 .

i: 78, 13–14: Ex 78, 14–15; Ps 136, 13 .

j: Ex 14, 22; 15, 8 .

k: Ps 105, 39; Ex 13, 21; WIs 18, 3 .

l: Pss 105, 41; 114, 8; Ex 17, 1–7; Nm 20, 2–13; Dt 8, 15; WIs 11, 4; Is 48, 21 .

m: Dt 9, 7; Ez 20, 13 .

n: Ps 106, 14; Ex 16, 2–36 .

o: Ps 23, 5 .

p: 78, 21f: Nm 11; Dt 32, 22 .

q: Ps 105, 40; Ex 16, 4. 14; Dt 8, 3; WIs 16, 20; Jn 6, 31 .

r: Nm 14, 29 .

s: Dt 32, 15. 18; Is 26, 16 .

t: Ps 95, 10; Is 29, 13 .

u: Ps 85, 4; Ex 32, 14; Is 48, 9; Ez 20, 22 .

v: Ps 106, 21 .

w: 78, 43f: Pss 105, 27–36; 135, 9; Ex 7, 14–11, 10; 12, 29–36; Wis 78, 16–18 .

x: Ex 8, 17 .

y: WIs 16, 16 .

z: Ex 9, 3 .

a: Pss 105, 36; 136, 10; Ex 12, 29 .

b: Ps 77, 21 .

c: Ex 14, 26–28 .

d: Ex 15, 17 .

e: Dt 32, 16. 32, 21 .

f: Jos 18, 1; 1 Sm 1, 3; Jer 7, 12; 26, 6 .

g: 1 Sm 4, 11. 4, 22 .

h: Dt 32, 25; Jer 7, 34 .

i: Pss 48, 2; 50, 2; LAm 2, 15 .

j: Ps 89, 21; Ez 34, 23; 37, 24; 2 Chr 6, 6 .

k: 1 Sm 16, 11–13; 2 Sm 7, 8 .

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