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The Catholic Study Bible A special version of the New American Bible, with a wealth of background information useful to Catholics.

Chapter 22

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The Conspiracy against Jesus. 1 y Mt 26, 1–5; Mk 14, 1–2; Jn 11, 47–53 . * Now the feast of Unleavened Bread, called the Passover, was drawing near, 2 z 19, 47–48; 20, 19; Mt 21, 46; Mk 12, 12; Jn 5, 18; 7, 30 . and the chief priests and the scribes were seeking a way to put him to death, for they were afraid of the people. 3 a Mt 26, 14–16; Mk 14, 10–11; Jn 13, 2.27 . b Acts 1, 17 . * Then Satan entered into Judas, the one surnamed Iscariot, who was counted among the Twelve, 4 and he went to the chief priests and temple guards to discuss a plan for handing him over to them. 5 They were pleased and agreed to pay him money. 6 He accepted their offer and sought a favorable opportunity to hand him over to them in the absence of a crowd.

Preparations for the Passover. 7 c Mt 26, 17–19; Mk 14, 12–16 . d Ex 12, 6.14–20 . When the day of the feast of Unleavened Bread arrived, the day for sacrificing the Passover lamb, 8 he sent out Peter and John, instructing them, “Go and make preparations for us to eat the Passover.” 9 They asked him, “Where do you want us to make the preparations?” 10 * And he answered them, “When you go into the city, a man will meet you carrying a jar of water. Follow him into the house that he enters 11 and say to the master of the house, ‘The teacher says to you, “Where is the guest room where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?” ’ 12 He will show you a large upper room that is furnished. Make the preparations there.” 13 e 19, 32. Then they went off and found everything exactly as he had told them, and there they prepared the Passover.

The Last Supper. 14 f Mt 26, 20.26–30; Mk 14, 17.22–26; 1 Cor 11, 23–25 . When the hour came, he took his place at table with the apostles. 15 * He said to them, “I have eagerly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer, 16 g 13, 29. for, I tell you, I shall not eat it [again] until there is fulfillment in the kingdom of God.” 17 * Then he took a cup, gave thanks, and said, “Take this and share it among yourselves; 18 for I tell you [that] from this time on I shall not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.” 19 h 24, 30; Acts 27, 35 . * Then he took the bread, said the blessing, broke it, and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which will be given for you; do this in memory of me.” 20 i Ex 24, 8; Jer 31, 31; 32, 40; Zec 9, 11 . And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which will be shed for you.

The Betrayal Foretold. 21 j Ps 41, 10; Mt 26, 21–25; Mk 14, 18–21; Jn 13, 21–30 . “And yet behold, the hand of the one who is to betray me is with me on the table; 22 for the Son of Man indeed goes as it has been determined; but woe to that man by whom he is betrayed.” 23 And they began to debate among themselves who among them would do such a deed.

The Role of the Disciples. 24 k 9, 46; Mt 18, 1; Mk 9, 34 . * Then an argument broke out among them about which of them should be regarded as the greatest. 25 l Mt 20, 25–27; Mk 10, 42–44; Jn 13, 3–16 . * He said to them, “The kings of the Gentiles lord it over them and those in authority over them are addressed as ‘Benefactors’; 26 m Mt 23, 11; Mk 9, 35 . but among you it shall not be so. Rather, let the greatest among you be as the youngest, and the leader as the servant. 27 For who is greater: the one seated at table or the one who serves? Is it not the one seated at table? I am among you as the one who serves. 28 It is you who have stood by me in my trials; 29 n 12, 32. and I confer a kingdom on you, just as my Father has conferred one on me, 30 o Mt 19, 28 . that you may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom; and you will sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.

Peter's Denial Foretold. 31 p Mt 26, 33–35; Mk 14, 29–31; Jn 13, 37–38 . q Jb 1, 6–12; Am 9, 9 . * “Simon, Simon, behold Satan has demanded to sift all of you like wheat, 32 but I have prayed that your own faith may not fail; and once you have turned back, you must strengthen your brothers.” 33 r 22, 54. He said to him, “Lord, I am prepared to go to prison and to die with you.” 34 s 22, 54–62. But he replied, “I tell you, Peter, before the cock crows this day, you will deny three times that you know me.”

Instructions for the Time of Crisis. 35 t 9, 3; 10, 4; Mt 10, 9–10; Mk 6, 7–9 . He said to them, “When I sent you forth without a money bag or a sack or sandals, were you in need of anything?” “No, nothing,” they replied. 36 u 22, 49. * He said to them, “But now one who has a money bag should take it, and likewise a sack, and one who does not have a sword should sell his cloak and buy one. 37 v Is 53, 12 . For I tell you that this scripture must be fulfilled in me, namely, ‘He was counted among the wicked’; and indeed what is written about me is coming to fulfillment.” 38 * Then they said, “Lord, look, there are two swords here.” But he replied, “It is enough!”

The Agony in the Garden. 39 w Mt 26, 30.36–46; Mk 14, 26.32–42; Jn 18, 1–2 . Then going out he went, as was his custom, to the Mount of Olives, and the disciples followed him. 40 x 22, 46. When he arrived at the place he said to them, “Pray that you may not undergo the test.” 41 y Heb 5, 7–8 . After withdrawing about a stone's throw from them and kneeling, he prayed, 42 z Mt 6, 10 . saying, “Father, if you are willing, take this cup away from me; still, not my will but yours be done.” [43 * And to strengthen him an angel from heaven appeared to him. 44 He was in such agony and he prayed so fervently that his sweat became like drops of blood falling on the ground.] 45 When he rose from prayer and returned to his disciples, he found them sleeping from grief. 46 a 22, 40. He said to them, “Why are you sleeping? Get up and pray that you may not undergo the test.”

The Betrayal and Arrest of Jesus. 47 b Mt 26, 47–56; Mk 14, 43–50; Jn 18, 3–4 . While he was still speaking, a crowd approached and in front was one of the Twelve, a man named Judas. He went up to Jesus to kiss him. 48 Jesus said to him, “Judas, are you betraying the Son of Man with a kiss?” 49 c 22, 36. His disciples realized what was about to happen, and they asked, “Lord, shall we strike with a sword?” 50 d Jn 18, 26 . And one of them struck the high priest's servant and cut off his right ear. 51 * But Jesus said in reply, “Stop, no more of this!” Then he touched the servant's ear and healed him. 52 e 22, 37. And Jesus said to the chief priests and temple guards and elders who had come for him, “Have you come out as against a robber, with swords and clubs? 53 f 19, 47; 21, 37; Jn 7, 30; 8, 20; Col 1, 13 . Day after day I was with you in the temple area, and you did not seize me; but this is your hour, the time for the power of darkness.”

Peter's Denial of Jesus. 54 g Mt 26, 57–58.69–75; Mk 14, 53–54.66–72; Jn 18, 12–18.25–27 . h 22, 33. After arresting him they led him away and took him into the house of the high priest; Peter was following at a distance. 55 They lit a fire in the middle of the courtyard and sat around it, and Peter sat down with them. 56 When a maid saw him seated in the light, she looked intently at him and said, “This man too was with him.” 57 But he denied it saying, “Woman, I do not know him.” 58 A short while later someone else saw him and said, “You too are one of them”; but Peter answered, “My friend, I am not.” 59 About an hour later, still another insisted, “Assuredly, this man too was with him, for he also is a Galilean.” 60 But Peter said, “My friend, I do not know what you are talking about.” Just as he was saying this, the cock crowed, 61 i 22, 34. * and the Lord turned and looked at Peter; and Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how he had said to him, “Before the cock crows today, you will deny me three times.” 62 He went out and began to weep bitterly. 63 j Mt 26, 67–68; Mk 14, 65 . The men who held Jesus in custody were ridiculing and beating him. 64 They blindfolded him and questioned him, saying, “Prophesy! Who is it that struck you?” 65 And they reviled him in saying many other things against him.

Jesus before the Sanhedrin. 66 k Mt 26, 59–66; Mk 14, 55–64 . l Mt 27, 1; Mk 15, 1 . * When day came the council of elders of the people met, both chief priests and scribes, and they brought him before their Sanhedrin. 67 m Jn 3, 12; 8, 45; 10, 24 . They said, “If you are the Messiah, tell us,” but he replied to them, “If I tell you, you will not believe, 68 and if I question, you will not respond. 69 n Ps 110, 1; Dn 7, 13–14; Acts 7, 56 . But from this time on the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand of the power of God.” 70 They all asked, “Are you then the Son of God?” He replied to them, “You say that I am.” 71 Then they said, “What further need have we for testimony? We have heard it from his own mouth.”

Notes:

y: Mt 26, 1–5; Mk 14, 1–2; Jn 11, 47–53 .

z: 19, 47–48; 20, 19; Mt 21, 46; Mk 12, 12; Jn 5, 18; 7, 30 .

a: Mt 26, 14–16; Mk 14, 10–11; Jn 13, 2.27 .

b: Acts 1, 17 .

c: Mt 26, 17–19; Mk 14, 12–16 .

d: Ex 12, 6.14–20 .

e: 19, 32.

f: Mt 26, 20.26–30; Mk 14, 17.22–26; 1 Cor 11, 23–25 .

g: 13, 29.

h: 24, 30; Acts 27, 35 .

i: Ex 24, 8; Jer 31, 31; 32, 40; Zec 9, 11 .

j: Ps 41, 10; Mt 26, 21–25; Mk 14, 18–21; Jn 13, 21–30 .

k: 9, 46; Mt 18, 1; Mk 9, 34 .

l: Mt 20, 25–27; Mk 10, 42–44; Jn 13, 3–16 .

m: Mt 23, 11; Mk 9, 35 .

n: 12, 32.

o: Mt 19, 28 .

p: Mt 26, 33–35; Mk 14, 29–31; Jn 13, 37–38 .

q: Jb 1, 6–12; Am 9, 9 .

r: 22, 54.

s: 22, 54–62.

t: 9, 3; 10, 4; Mt 10, 9–10; Mk 6, 7–9 .

u: 22, 49.

v: Is 53, 12 .

w: Mt 26, 30.36–46; Mk 14, 26.32–42; Jn 18, 1–2 .

x: 22, 46.

y: Heb 5, 7–8 .

z: Mt 6, 10 .

a: 22, 40.

b: Mt 26, 47–56; Mk 14, 43–50; Jn 18, 3–4 .

c: 22, 36.

d: Jn 18, 26 .

e: 22, 37.

f: 19, 47; 21, 37; Jn 7, 30; 8, 20; Col 1, 13 .

g: Mt 26, 57–58.69–75; Mk 14, 53–54.66–72; Jn 18, 12–18.25–27 .

h: 22, 33.

i: 22, 34.

j: Mt 26, 67–68; Mk 14, 65 .

k: Mt 26, 59–66; Mk 14, 55–64 .

l: Mt 27, 1; Mk 15, 1 .

m: Jn 3, 12; 8, 45; 10, 24 .

n: Ps 110, 1; Dn 7, 13–14; Acts 7, 56 .

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