The Authority of Jesus Questioned. 1 x Mt 21, 23–27; Mk 11, 27–33 . * One day as he was teaching the people in the temple area and proclaiming the good news, the chief priests and scribes, together with the elders, approached him 2 y Acts 4, 7 . and said to him, “Tell us, by what authority are you doing these things? Or who is the one who gave you this authority?” 3 He said to them in reply, “I shall ask you a question. Tell me, 4 z 3, 3.16. was John's baptism of heavenly or of human origin?” 5 a Mt 21, 32 . They discussed this among themselves, and said, “If we say, ‘Of heavenly origin,’ he will say, ‘Why did you not believe him?’ 6 But if we say, ‘Of human origin,’ then all the people will stone us, for they are convinced that John was a prophet.” 7 So they answered that they did not know from where it came. 8 Then Jesus said to them, “Neither shall I tell you by what authority I do these things.”
The Parable of the Tenant Farmers. 9 b Mt 21, 33–46; Mk 12, 1–12 . c Is 5, 1–7 . * Then he proceeded to tell the people this parable. “[A] man planted a vineyard, leased it to tenant farmers, and then went on a journey for a long time. 10 d 2 Chr 36, 15–16 . At harvest time he sent a servant to the tenant farmers to receive some of the produce of the vineyard. But they beat the servant and sent him away empty‐handed. 11 So he proceeded to send another servant, but him also they beat and insulted and sent away empty‐handed. 12 Then he proceeded to send a third, but this one too they wounded and threw out. 13 e 3, 22. The owner of the vineyard said, ‘What shall I do? I shall send my beloved son; maybe they will respect him.’ 14 But when the tenant farmers saw him they said to one another, ‘This is the heir. Let us kill him that the inheritance may become ours.’ 15 * So they threw him out of the vineyard and killed him. What will the owner of the vineyard do to them? 16 He will come and put those tenant farmers to death and turn over the vineyard to others.” When the people heard this, they exclaimed, “Let it not be so!” 17 f Ps 118, 22; Is 28, 16 . But he looked at them and asked, “What then does this scripture passage mean:
The stone which the builders rejected has become the cornerstone’?
18Everyone who falls on that stone will be dashed to pieces; and it will crush anyone on whom it falls.” 19 g 19, 47–48; 22, 2; Mt 21, 46; Mk 11, 18; 12, 12; 14, 1–2; Jn 5, 18; 7, 30 . The scribes and chief priests sought to lay their hands on him at that very hour, but they feared the people, for they knew that he had addressed this parable to them.
Paying Taxes to the Emperor. 20 h Mt 22, 15–22; Mk 12, 13–17 . i 11, 54. * They watched him closely and sent agents pretending to be righteous who were to trap him in speech, in order to hand him over to the authority and power of the governor. 21 j Jn 3, 2 . They posed this question to him, “Teacher, we know that what you say and teach is correct, and you show no partiality, but teach the way of God in accordance with the truth. 22 * Is it lawful for us to pay tribute to Caesar or not?” 23 Recognizing their craftiness he said to them, 24 * “Show me a denarius; whose image and name does it bear?” They replied, “Caesar's.” 25 k Rom 13, 6–7 . So he said to them, “Then repay to Caesar what belongs to Caesar and to God what belongs to God.” 26 They were unable to trap him by something he might say before the people, and so amazed were they at his reply that they fell silent.
The Question about the Resurrection. 27 l Mt 22, 23–33; Mk 12, 18–27 . m Acts 23, 8 . * Some Sadducees, those who deny that there is a resurrection, came forward and put this question to him, 28 n Gn 38, 8; Dt 25, 5 . * saying, “Teacher, Moses wrote for us, ‘If someone's brother dies leaving a wife but no child, his brother must take the wife and raise up descendants for his brother.’ 29 Now there were seven brothers; the first married a woman but died childless. 30 Then the second 31 and the third married her, and likewise all the seven died childless. 32 Finally the woman also died. 33 Now at the resurrection whose wife will that woman be? For all seven had been married to her.” 34 Jesus said to them, “The children of this age marry and remarry; 34 but those who are deemed worthy to attain to the coming age and to the resurrection of the dead neither marry nor are given in marriage. 36 * They can no longer die, for they are like angels; and they are the children of God because they are the ones who will rise. 37 o Ex 3, 2.6.15–16 . That the dead will rise even Moses made known in the passage about the bush, when he called ‘Lord’ the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob; 38 p Rom 14, 8–9 . and he is not God of the dead, but of the living, for to him all are alive.” 39 Some of the scribes said in reply, “Teacher, you have answered well.” 40 q Mt 22, 46; Mk 12, 34 . And they no longer dared to ask him anything.
The Question about David's Son. 41 r Mt 22, 41–45; Mk 12, 35–37 . * Then he said to them, “How do they claim that the Messiah is the Son of David? 42 s Ps 110, 1 . For David himself in the Book of Psalms says:
‘The Lord said to my lord, “Sit at my right hand 43till I make your enemies your footstool.” ’
44Now if David calls him ‘lord,’ how can he be his son?”
Denunciation of the Scribes. 45 t 11, 37–54; Mt 23, 1–36; Mk 12, 38–40 . Then, within the hearing of all the people, he said to [his] disciples, 46 u 14, 7–11. “Be on guard against the scribes, who like to go around in long robes and love greetings in marketplaces, seats of honor in synagogues, and places of honor at banquets. 47 They devour the houses of widows and, as a pretext, recite lengthy prayers. They will receive a very severe condemnation.”
z: 3, 3.16.
e: 3, 22.
i: 11, 54.
u: 14, 7–11.