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The Catholic Study Bible A special version of the New American Bible, with a wealth of background information useful to Catholics.

Chapter 3

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The Fall of Man. 1Now the serpent was the most cunning of all the animals that the LORD God had made. The serpent asked the woman, “Did God really tell you not to eat from any of the trees in the garden?” 2The woman answered the serpent: “We may eat of the fruit of the trees in the garden; 3 c Gn 2, 17; Rom 6, 23 . it is only about the fruit of the tree in the middle of the garden that God said, ‘You shall not eat it or even touch it, lest you die.’ ” 4But the serpent said to the woman: “You certainly will not die! d 4f: Wis 2, 24; Sir 25, 14; Is 14, 14; Jn 8, 44; 2 Cor 11, 3 . 5No, God knows well that the moment you eat of it your eyes will be opened and you will be like gods who know* what is good and what is bad.” 6The woman saw that the tree was good for food, pleasing to the eyes, and desirable for gaining wisdom. So she took some of its fruit and ate it; and she also gave some to her husband, who was with her, and he ate it. e Gn 3, 22; 1 Tm 2, 14 . 7Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they realized that they were naked; so they sewed fig leaves together and made loincloths for themselves.

8When they heard the sound of the LORD God moving about in the garden at the breezy time of the day,* the man and his wife hid themselves from the LORD God among the trees of the garden. f Jer 23, 24 . 9The LORD God then called to the man and asked him, “Where are you?” 10He answered, “I heard you in the garden; but I was afraid, because I was naked, so I hid myself.” 11Then he asked, “Who told you that you were naked? You have eaten, then, from the tree of which I had forbidden you to eat!” 12The man replied, “The woman whom you put here with me—she gave me fruit from the tree, so I ate it.” 13The LORD God then asked the woman, “Why did you do such a thing?” The woman answered, “The serpent tricked me into it, and so I ate it.” g 2 Cor 11, 3 .

14Then the LORD God said to the serpent:

“Because you have done this, you shall be banned from all the animals and from all the wild creatures; On your belly shall you crawl, and dirt shall you eat all the days of your life. h Is 65, 25; Mi 7, 17; Rv 12, 9 . 15I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; He will strike at your head, while you strike at his heel.”* i Is 7, 14; 9, 5; Rom 16, 20; 1 Jn 3, 8; Rv 12, 17 .

16To the woman he said:

“I will intensify the pangs of your childbearing; in pain shall you bring forth children. Yet your urge shall be for your husband, and he shall be your master.” j 1 Cor 11, 3; Eph 5, 22f; 1 Tm 2, 12 .

17To the man he said: “Because you listened to your wife and ate from the tree of which I had forbidden you to eat,

“Cursed be the ground because of you! In toil shall you eat its yield all the days of your life. k Gn 5, 29; Rom 5, 12; 8, 20; Heb 6, 8. 18Thorns and thistles shall it bring forth to you, as you eat of the plants of the field. 19By the sweat of your face shall you get bread to eat, Until you return to the ground, from which you were taken; For you are dirt, and to dirt you shall return.” l Gn 2, 7; Jb 10, 9; 34, 15; Pss 90, 3; 103, 14; Eccl 3, 20; 12, 7; Wis 15, 8; Sir 10, 9; 17, 2; Rom 5, 12; 1 Cor 15, 21; Heb 9, 27 .

20The man called his wife Eve, because she became the mother of all the living.*

21For the man and his wife the LORD God made leather garments, with which he clothed them. 22Then the LORD God said: “See! The man has become like one of us, knowing what is good and what is bad! Therefore, he must not be allowed to put out his hand to take fruit from the tree of life also, and thus eat of it and live forever.” m Gn 2, 9; Rv 22, 2. 14. 23The LORD God therefore banished him from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from which he had been taken. 24When he expelled the man, he settled him east of the garden of Eden; and he stationed the cherubim and the fiery revolving sword, to guard the way to the tree of life.*

Notes:

c: Gn 2, 17; Rom 6, 23 .

d: 4f: Wis 2, 24; Sir 25, 14; Is 14, 14; Jn 8, 44; 2 Cor 11, 3 .

e: Gn 3, 22; 1 Tm 2, 14 .

f: Jer 23, 24 .

g: 2 Cor 11, 3 .

h: Is 65, 25; Mi 7, 17; Rv 12, 9 .

i: Is 7, 14; 9, 5; Rom 16, 20; 1 Jn 3, 8; Rv 12, 17 .

j: 1 Cor 11, 3; Eph 5, 22f; 1 Tm 2, 12 .

k: Gn 5, 29; Rom 5, 12; 8, 20; Heb 6, 8.

l: Gn 2, 7; Jb 10, 9; 34, 15; Pss 90, 3; 103, 14; Eccl 3, 20; 12, 7; Wis 15, 8; Sir 10, 9; 17, 2; Rom 5, 12; 1 Cor 15, 21; Heb 9, 27 .

m: Gn 2, 9; Rv 22, 2. 14.

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