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The Catholic Study Bible A special version of the New American Bible, with a wealth of background information useful to Catholics.

Chapter 19

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Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah. 1The two angels reached Sodom in the evening, as Lot was sitting at the gate of Sodom. When Lot saw them, he got up to greet them; and bowing down with his face to the ground, 2he said, “Please, gentlemen,* come aside into your servant's house for the night, and bathe your feet; you can get up early to continue your journey.” But they replied, “No, we shall pass the night in the town square.” u Wis 10, 6; Sir 16, 8; Ez 16, 50; Heb 13, 1f . 3He urged them so strongly, however, that they turned aside to his place and entered his house. He prepared a meal for them, baking cakes without leaven, and they dined.

4 v 4–9; Jgs 19, 22–25; Jude 1, 7 . Before they went to bed, all the townsmen of Sodom, both young and old—all the people to the last man—closed in on the house. 5They called to Lot and said to him, “Where are the men who came to your house tonight? Bring them out to us that we may have intimacies with them.” 6Lot went out to meet them at the entrance. When he had shut the door behind him, 7he said, “I beg you, my brothers, not to do this wicked thing. 8I have two daughters who have never had intercourse with men. Let me bring them out to you, and you may do to them as you please. But don't do anything to these men, for you know they have come under the shelter of my roof.” 9They replied, “Stand back! This fellow,” they sneered, “came here as an immigrant, and now he dares to give orders! We'll treat you worse than them!” With that, they pressed hard against Lot, moving in closer to break down the door. w Gn 13, 12; 2 Pt 2, 7f . 10But his guests put out their hands, pulled Lot inside with them, and closed the door; 11at the same time they struck the men at the entrance of the house, one and all, with such a blinding light* that they were utterly unable to reach the doorway.

12Then the angels said to Lot: “Who else belongs to you here? Your sons [sons‐in‐law]* and your daughters and all who belong to you in the city—take them away from it! x 2 Pt 7, 9 . 13We are about to destroy this place, for the outcry reaching the LORD against those in the city is so great that he has sent us to destroy it.” y Is 1, 7. 9; Zep 2, 9; Lk 17, 29 . 14So Lot went out and spoke to his sons‐in‐law, who had contracted marriage with his daughters.* “Get up and leave this place,” he told them; “the LORD is about to destroy the city.” But his sons‐in‐law thought he was joking.

15As dawn was breaking, the angels urged Lot on, saying, “On your way! Take with you your wife and your two daughters who are here, or you will be swept away in the punishment of the city.” 16When he hesitated, the men, by the LORD's mercy, seized his hand and the hands of his wife and his two daughters and led them to safety outside the city. 17As soon as they had been brought outside, he was told: “Flee for your life! Don't look back or stop anywhere on the Plain. Get off to the hills at once, or you will be swept away.” z Wis 10, 6 . 18“Oh, no, my lord!” replied Lot. 19“You have already thought enough of your servant to do me the great kindness of intervening to save my life. But I cannot flee to the hills to keep the disaster from overtaking me, and so I shall die. 20Look, this town ahead is near enough to escape to. It's only a small place.* Let me flee there—it's a small place, isn't it?—that my life may be saved.” 21“Well, then,” he replied, “I will also grant you the favor you now ask. I will not overthrow the town you speak of. 22Hurry, escape there! I cannot do anything until you arrive there.” That is why the town is called Zoar. a Wis 10, 6 .

23The sun was just rising over the earth as Lot arrived in Zoar; b Pss 9, 6; 11, 6; 107, 34 . 24at the same time the LORD rained down sulphurous fire upon Sodom and Gomorrah [from the LORD out of heaven]. c Wis 10, 7; Is 1, 9; 13, 19; Lam 4, 6; 17, 29; 2 Pt 2, 6 . 25He overthrew* those cities and the whole Plain, together with the inhabitants of the cities and the produce of the soil. d Dt 29, 22; Jer 50, 40; Am 4, 11 . 26But Lot's wife looked back, and she was turned into a pillar of salt. e Wis 10, 7; Lk 17, 32 .

27Early the next morning Abraham went to the place where he had stood in the LORD's presence. 28As he looked down toward Sodom and Gomorrah and the whole region of the Plain,* he saw dense smoke over the land rising like fumes from a furnace. f Rv 9, 2; 14, 10f .

29Thus it came to pass: when God destroyed the Cities of the Plain, he was mindful of Abraham by sending Lot away from the upheaval by which God overthrew the cities where Lot had been living.

Moabites and Ammonites. * 30Since Lot was afraid to stay in Zoar, he and his two daughters went up from Zoar and settled in the hill country, where he lived with his two daughters in a cave. 31The older one said to the younger: “Our father is getting old, and there is not a man on earth to unite with us as was the custom everywhere. 32Come, let us ply our father with wine and then lie with him, that we may have offspring by our father.” 33So that night they plied their father with wine, and the older one went in and lay with her father; but he was not aware of her lying down or her getting up. 34Next day the older one said to the younger: “Last night it was I who lay with my father. Let us ply him with wine again tonight, and then you go in and lie with him, that we may both have offspring by our father.” 35So that night, too, they plied their father with wine, and then the younger one went in and lay with him; but again he was not aware of her lying down or her getting up.

36Thus both of Lot's daughters became pregnant by their father. 37The older one gave birth to a son whom she named Moab, saying, “From my father.”* He is the ancestor of the Moabites of today. g Dt 2, 9 . 38The younger one, too, gave birth to a son, and she named him Ammon, saying, “The son of my kin.”* He is the ancestor of the Ammonites of today. h Dt 2, 19 .

Notes:

u: Wis 10, 6; Sir 16, 8; Ez 16, 50; Heb 13, 1f .

v: 4–9; Jgs 19, 22–25; Jude 1, 7 .

w: Gn 13, 12; 2 Pt 2, 7f .

x: 2 Pt 7, 9 .

y: Is 1, 7. 9; Zep 2, 9; Lk 17, 29 .

z: Wis 10, 6 .

a: Wis 10, 6 .

b: Pss 9, 6; 11, 6; 107, 34 .

c: Wis 10, 7; Is 1, 9; 13, 19; Lam 4, 6; 17, 29; 2 Pt 2, 6 .

d: Dt 29, 22; Jer 50, 40; Am 4, 11 .

e: Wis 10, 7; Lk 17, 32 .

f: Rv 9, 2; 14, 10f .

g: Dt 2, 9 .

h: Dt 2, 19 .

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