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The Catholic Study Bible A special version of the New American Bible, with a wealth of background information useful to Catholics.

Chapter 22

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1“[If a thief is caught* in the act of housebreaking and beaten to death, there is no bloodguilt involved. 2But if after sunrise he is thus beaten, there is bloodguilt.] He must make full restitution. If he has nothing, he shall be sold to pay for his theft. 3If what he stole is found alive in his possession, be it an ox, an ass or a sheep, he shall restore two animals for each one stolen.

4 * “When a man is burning over a field or a‐vineyard, if he lets the fires spread so that it burns in another's field, he must make restitution with the best produce of his own field or vineyard. 5If the fire spreads further, and catches on to thorn bushes, so that shocked grain or standing grain or the field itself is burned up, the one who started the fire must make full restitution.

Trusts and Loans. 6“When a man gives money or any article to another for safekeeping and it is stolen from the latter's house, the thief, if caught, must make twofold restitution. 7If the thief is not caught, the owner of the house shall be brought to God,* to swear that he himself did not lay hands on his neighbor's property. 8In every question of dishonest appropriation, whether it be about an ox, or an ass, or a sheep, or a garment, or anything else that has disappeared, where another claims that the thing is his, both parties shall present their case before God; the one whom God convicts must make two‐fold restitution to the other.

9“When a man gives an ass, or an ox, or a sheep, or any other animal to another for safekeeping, if it dies, or is maimed or snatched away, without anyone witnessing the fact, 10the custodian shall swear by the LORD that he did not lay hands on his neighbor's property; the owner must accept the oath, and no restitution is to be made. 11But if the custodian is really guilty of theft, he must make restitution to the owner. 12If it has been killed by a wild beast, let him bring it as evidence, and he need not make restitution for the mangled animal. n Gn 31, 39 .

13“When a man borrows an animal from his neighbor, if it is maimed or dies while the owner is not present, the man must make restitution. 14But if the owner is present, he need not make restitution. If it was hired, this was covered by the price of its hire.

Social Laws. 15“When a man seduces a virgin who is not betrothed, and lies with her, he shall pay her marriage price and marry her. o 15f: Dt 22, 28f . 16If her father refuses to give her to him, he must still pay him the customary marriage price for virgins.*

17“You shall not let a sorceress live. p Lv 19, 26. 31; 20. 6. 27; Dt 18, 10f .

18“Anyone who lies with an animal shall be put to death. q Lv 18, 23; Dt 27, 21 .

19“Whoever sacrifices to any god, except to the LORD alone, shall be doomed. r Dt 13; 17, 2–7 .

20“You shall not molest or oppress an alien, for you were once aliens yourselves in the land of Egypt. s 20–23: Ex 23, 9; Lv 19, 33f; Dt 10, 18f; 24, 17f; 27, 19; Zec 7, 10 . 21You shall not wrong any widow or orphan. 22If ever you wrong them and they cry out to me, I will surely hear their cry. 23My wrath will flare up, and I will kill you with the sword; then your own wives will be widows, and your children orphans.

24 t 24–26: Lv 25, 35–38; Dt 23, 19f; 24, 10–13; Ez 18, 7f. 17f . “If you lend money to one of your poor neighbors among my people, you shall not act like an extortioner toward him by demanding interest from him. 25If you take your neighbor's cloak as a pledge, you shall return it to him before sunset; 26for this cloak of his is the only covering he has for his body. What else has he to sleep in? If he cries out to me, I will hear him; for I am compassionate.

27“You shall not revile God,* nor curse a prince of your people. u Acts 23, 5 .

28“You shall not delay the offering of your harvest and your press. You shall give me the first‐born of your sons. 29You must do the same with your oxen and your sheep; for seven days the firstling may stay with itsmother, but on the eighth day you must give it to me. v Ex 13, 2; 34, 19; Lv 22, 27; Dt 15, 19 .

30“You shall be men sacred to me. Flesh torn to pieces in the field you shall not eat; throw it to the dogs. w Lv 7, 24; 17, 15; 22, 8 .

Notes:

n: Gn 31, 39 .

o: 15f: Dt 22, 28f .

p: Lv 19, 26. 31; 20. 6. 27; Dt 18, 10f .

q: Lv 18, 23; Dt 27, 21 .

r: Dt 13; 17, 2–7 .

s: 20–23: Ex 23, 9; Lv 19, 33f; Dt 10, 18f; 24, 17f; 27, 19; Zec 7, 10 .

t: 24–26: Lv 25, 35–38; Dt 23, 19f; 24, 10–13; Ez 18, 7f. 17f .

u: Acts 23, 5 .

v: Ex 13, 2; 34, 19; Lv 22, 27; Dt 15, 19 .

w: Lv 7, 24; 17, 15; 22, 8 .

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