1Then the LORD said to Moses, 2 * “Tell the Israelites to turn about and camp before Pi‐hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea. c Nm 33, 7f . You shall camp in front of Baal‐zephon, just opposite, by the sea. 3Pharaoh will then say, ‘The Israelites are wandering about aimlessly in the land. The desert has closed in on them.’ 4Thus will I make Pharaoh so obstinate that he will pursue them. Then I will receive glory through Pharaoh and all his army, and the Egyptians will know that I am the LORD.”
This the Israelites did. 5When it was reported to the king of Egypt that the people had fled, Pharaoh and his servants changed their minds about them. “What have we done!” they exclaimed. “Why, we have released Israel from our service!” 6So Pharaoh made his chariots ready and mustered his soldiers— 7six hundred first‐class chariots and all the other chariots of Egypt, with warriors on them all. 8So obstinate had the LORD made Pharaoh that he pursued d 5–8: Wis 19, 3; 1 Mc 4, 9 . the Israelites even while they were marching away in triumph. 9The Egyptians, then, pursued them; Pharaoh's whole army, his horses, chariots and charioteers, caught up with them as they lay encamped by the sea, at Pi‐hahiroth, in front of Baal‐zephon.
Crossing of the Red Sea. 10Pharaoh was already near when the Israelites looked up and saw that the Egyptians were on the march in pursuit of them. In great fright they cried out to the LORD. 11And they complained to Moses, “Were there no burial places in Egypt that you had to bring us out here to die in the desert? Why did you do this to us? Why did you bring us out of Egypt? 12Did we not tell you this in Egypt, when we said, ‘Leave us alone. Let us serve the Egyptians’? Far better for us to be the slaves of the Egyptians than to die in the desert.” 13But Moses answered the people, “Fear not! Stand your ground, and you will see the victory the LORD will win for you today. These Egyptians whom you see today you will never see again. 14The LORD himself will fight for you; you have only to keep still.”
15Then the LORD said to Moses, “Why are you crying out to me? Tell the Israelites to go forward. 16And you, lift up your staff and, with hand outstretched over the sea, split the sea in two, that the Israelites may pass through it on dry land. 17But I will make the Egyptians so obstinate that they will go in after them. Then I will receive glory through Pharaoh and all his army, his chariots and charioteers. 18The Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I receive glory through Pharaoh and his chariots and charioteers.”
19The angel of God, who had been leading Israel's camp, now moved and went around behind them. The column of cloud also, leaving the front, took up its place behind them, 20so that it came between the camp of the Egyptians and that of Israel. But the cloud now became dark,* and thus the night passed without the rival camps coming any closer together all night long. 21Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and the LORD swept the sea with a strong east wind throughout the night and so turned it into dry land. e 21f: Ex 15, 19; Pss 66, 6; 78, 13; 136, 13f; Wis 10, 18; 19, 7f; Is 63, 12f; Heb 11, 29 . When the water was thus divided, 22the Israelites marched into the midst of the sea on dry land, with the water like a wall to their right and to their left.
Destruction of the Egyptians. 23The Egyptians followed in pursuit; all Pharaoh's horses and chariots and charioteers went after them right into the midst of the sea. 24In the night watch just before dawn the LORD cast through the column of the fiery cloud upon the Egyptian force a glance that threw it into a panic; 25and he so clogged their chariot wheels that they could hardly drive. With that the Egyptians sounded the retreatbefore Israel, because the LORD was fighting for them against the Egyptians.
26Then the LORD told Moses, “Stretch out your hand over the sea, that the water may flow back upon the Egyptians, upon their chariots and their charioteers.” 27So Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and at dawn the sea flowed back to its normal depth. The Egyptians were fleeing head on toward the sea, when the LORD hurled them into its midst. 28As the water flowed back, it covered the chariots and the charioteers of Pharaoh's whole army f 28f: Dt 11, 4; Ps 106, 11 . which had followed the Israelites into the sea. Not a single one of them escaped. 29But the Israelites had marched on dry land through the midst of the sea, with the water like a wall to their right and to their left. 30Thus the LORD saved Israel on that day from the power of the Egyptians. When Israel saw the Egyptians lying dead on the seashore 31and beheld the great power that the LORD had shown against the Egyptians, they feared the LORD and believed in him g 31f: Ps 106, 12; Wis 10, 20 . and in his servant Moses.