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The Catholic Study Bible A special version of the New American Bible, with a wealth of background information useful to Catholics.

Chapter 8

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1That day King Ahasuerus gave the house of Haman, enemy of the Jews, to Queen Esther; and Mordecai was admitted to the king's presence, for Esther had revealed his relationship to her. a Est 9, 1; Prv 11, 8; 26, 27; Mt 7, 2 . 2The king removed his signet ring from Haman, and transferred it into the keeping of Mordecai; and Esther put Mordecai in charge of the house of Haman. b Prv 13, 22; Dn 2, 48f .

The Second Royal Decree. 3In another audience with the king, Esther fell at his feet and tearfully implored him to revoke the harm done by Haman the Agagite, and the plan he had devised against the Jews. 4The king stretched forth the golden scepter to Esther. So she rose and, standing in his presence, 5said: “If it pleases your majesty and seems proper to you, and if I have found favor with you and you love me, let a document be issued to revoke the letters which that schemer Haman, son of Hammedatha the Agagite, wrote for the destruction of the Jews in all the royal provinces. c Est 1, 19 . 6For how can I witness the evil that is to befall my people, and how can I behold the destruction of my race?”

7King Ahasuerus then said to Queen Esther and to the Jew Mordecai: “Now that I have given Esther the house of Haman, and they have hanged him on the gibbet because he attacked the Jews, 8 d Est 1, 19 . you in turn may write in the king's name what you see fit concerning the Jews and seal the letter with the royal signet ring.” For whatever is written in the name of the king and sealed with the royal signet ring cannot be revoked.*

9At that time, on the twenty‐third day of the third month, Sivan, the royal scribes were summoned. Exactly as Mordecai dictated, they wrote to the Jews and to the satraps, governors, and officials of the hundred and twenty‐seven provinces from India to Ethiopia: to each province in its own script and to each people in its own language, and to the Jews in their own script and language. 10These letters, which he wrote in the name of King Ahasuerus and sealed with the royal signet ring, he sent by mounted couriers riding thoroughbred royal steeds. 11 e 11f: Est 9, 1–4 . In these letters the king authorized the Jews in each and every city to group together and defend their lives, and to kill, destroy, wipe out, along with their wives and children, every armed group of any nation or province which should attack them, and to seize their goods as spoil 12throughout the provinces of King Ahasuerus, on a single day, the thirteenth of the twelfth month, Adar.

Notes:

a: Est 9, 1; Prv 11, 8; 26, 27; Mt 7, 2 .

b: Prv 13, 22; Dn 2, 48f .

c: Est 1, 19 .

d: Est 1, 19 .

e: 11f: Est 9, 1–4 .

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