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The Catholic Study Bible A special version of the New American Bible, with a wealth of background information useful to Catholics.

Chapter 29

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Text Commentary

Reforms of Hezekiah. 1 z 29, 1ff: 2 Kgs 18, 1ff . Hezekiah was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned twenty-nine years in Jerusalem. His mother was named Abia, daughter of Zechariah. 2He pleased the LORD just as his forefather David had done. 3It was he who, in the first month of the first year of his reign, opened the doors of the LORD’s house and repaired them. a 2 Chr 28, 24 . 4He summoned the priests and Levites, gathered them in the open space to the east, 5and said to them: “Listen to me, you Levites! Sanctify yourselves now and sanctify the house of the LORD, the God of your fathers, and clean out the filth from the sanctuary. 6Our fathers acted faithlessly and did evil in the eyes of the LORD, our God. They abandoned him, turned away their faces from the LORD’s dwelling, and turned their backs on him.7They also closed the doors of the vestibule, extinguished the lamps, and refused to burn incense and offer holocausts in the sanctuary to the honor of the God of Israel. b 2 Kgs 16, 15 . 8 c 29, 8f: Lv 26, 32f; Dt 28, 25; Jer 25, 18 . Therefore the anger of the LORD has come upon Judah and Jerusalem; he has made them an object of terror, astonishment and mockery, as you see with your own eyes. 9For our fathers, as you know, fell by the sword, and our sons, our daughters and our wives have been taken captive because of this. 10Now, I intend to make a covenant with the LORD, the God of Israel, that his burning anger may withdraw from us. 11My sons, be not negligent any longer, for it is you whom the LORD has chosen to stand before him, to minister to him, to be his ministers and to offer incense.”

12Then the Levites arose: Mahath, son of Amasai, and Joel, son of Azariah, descendants of the Kohathites; of the sons of Merari: Kish, son of Abdi, and Azariah, son of Jehallel; of the Gershonites: Joah, son of Zimmah, and Eden, son of Joah; 13of the sons of Elizaphan: Shimri and Jeuel; of the sons of Asaph: Zechariah and Mattaniah; 14of the sons of Heman: Jehuel and Shimei; of the sons of Jeduthun: Shemiah and Uzziel. 15They gathered their brethren together and sanctified themselves; then they came as the king had ordered, to cleanse the LORD’s house in keeping with his words.

16The priests entered the interior of the LORD’s house to cleanse it; and whatever they found in the LORD’s temple that was unclean they brought out to the court of the LORD’s house, where the Levites took it from them and carried it out to the Kidron Valley. 17They began the work of consecration on the first day of the first month, and on the eighth day of the month they arrived at the vestibule of the LORD; they consecrated the LORD’s house during eight days, and on the sixteenth day of the first month, they had finished.

18Then they went inside to King Hezekiah and said: “We have cleansed the entire house of the LORD, the altar of holocausts with all its utensils, and the table for the showbread with all its utensils. 19All the articles which King Ahaz during his reign had thrown away because of his apostasy, we have restored and consecrated, and they are now before the LORD's altar.”

The Rite of Expiation. 20Then King Hezekiah hastened to convoke the princes of the city and went up to the LORD’s house. 21Seven bulls, seven rams, seven lambs and seven he-goats were brought for a sin offering for the kingdom, for the sanctuary, and for Judah, and he ordered the sons of Aaron, the priests, to offer them on the altar of the LORD. 22They slaughtered the bulls, and the priests collected the blood and cast it on the altar. Then they slaughtered the rams and cast the blood on the altar; then they slaughtered the lambs and cast the blood on the altar. 23Then the he-goats for the sin offering were led before the king and the assembly, who laid their hands upon them. 24The priests then slaughtered them and offered their blood on the altar to atone for the sin of all Israel; for “The holocaust and the sin offering,” the king had said, “is for all Israel.”

25He stationed the Levites in the LORD’s house with cymbals, harps and lyres according to the prescriptions of David, of Gad the king's seer, and of Nathan the prophet; for the prescriptions were from the LORD through his prophets. 26The Levites were stationed with the instruments of David, and the priests with the trumpets. 27Then Hezekiah ordered the holocaust to be sacrificed on the altar, and in the same instant that the holocaust began, they also began the song of the LORD, to the accompaniment of the trumpets and the instruments of David, king of Israel. 28The entire assembly prostrated itself, and they continued to sing the song and to sound the trumpets until the holocaust had been completed. 29As the holocaust was completed, the king and all who were with him knelt and prostrated themselves. 30King Hezekiah and the princes then commanded the Levites to sing the praises of the LORD in the words of David and of Asaph the seer. They sang praises till their joy was full, then fell down and prostrated themselves.

31Hezekiah now spoke out this command: “You have undertaken a work for the LORD. Approach, and bring forward the sacrifices and thank offerings for the house of the LORD.” Then the assembly brought forward the sacrifices and thank offerings and all the holocausts which were free-will offerings. 32The number of holocausts that the assembly brought forward was seventy oxen, one hundred rams, and two hundred lambs: all of these as a holocaust to the LORD. 33As consecrated gifts there were six hundred oxen and three thousand sheep. 34Since the priests were too few in number to be able to skin all the victims for the holocausts, their brethren the Levites assisted them until the task was completed and the priests had sanctified themselves; the Levites, in fact, were more willing than the priests to sanctify themselves. d 1 Chr 15, 12 . 35Also, the holocausts were many, along with the fat of the peace offerings and the libations for the holocausts. Thus the service of the house of the LORD was reestablished. 36Hezekiah and all the people rejoiced over what God had reestablished for the people, and at how suddenly this had been done.

Notes:

z: 29, 1ff: 2 Kgs 18, 1ff .

a: 2 Chr 28, 24 .

b: 2 Kgs 16, 15 .

c: 29, 8f: Lv 26, 32f; Dt 28, 25; Jer 25, 18 .

d: 1 Chr 15, 12 .

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