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The Catholic Study Bible A special version of the New American Bible, with a wealth of background information useful to Catholics.

Chapter 12

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His Apostasy. 1After Rehoboam had consolidated his rule and had become powerful, he abandoned the law of the LORD, he and all Israel with him. m 1 Kgs 11, 4; 14, 22 . 2Thus it happened that in the fifth year of King Rehoboam, Shishak, king of Egypt, attacked Jerusalem, for they had been unfaithful to the LORD. n 1 Kgs 14, 25 . 3He came up with twelve hundred chariots and sixty thousand horsemen, and there was no counting the army that came with him from Egypt—Libyans, Sukkites* and Ethiopians. 4They captured the fortified cities of Judah and came as far as Jerusalem. 5Then Shemaiah the prophet came to Rehoboam and the commanders of Judah who had gathered at Jerusalem because of Shishak, and said to them: “Thus says the LORD: ‘You have abandoned me, and therefore I have abandoned you to the power of Shishak.’ ” o 2 Chr 11, 2 .

6However, the commanders of Israel and the king humbled themselves, saying, “The LORD is just.” 7When the LORD saw that they had humbled themselves, the word of the LORD came to Shemaiah: “Because they have humbled themselves, I will not destroy them; I will give them some deliverance, and my wrath shall not be poured out upon Jerusalem through Shishak. 8But they shall be his servants, that they may know what it is to serve me and what it is to serve earthly kingdoms.” 9 p 9ff: 1 Kgs 14, 25–28 . Therefore Shishak, king of Egypt, attacked Jerusalem and carried off the treasures of the temple of the LORD and of the king's palace. He took everything, including the gold bucklers that Solomon had made. 10(To replace them, King Rehoboam made bronze bucklers, which he entrusted to the officers of the guard on duty at the entrance of the royal palace. 11Whenever the king visited the temple of the LORD, the troops would come bearing them, and then they would return them to the guardroom.) 12Because he had humbled himself, the anger of the LORD turned from him so that it did not destroy him completely; and in Judah, moreover, good deeds were found.

13King Rehoboam consolidated his power in Jerusalem and continued to rule; he was forty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city in which, out of all the tribes of Israel, the LORD chose to be honored. Rehoboam's mother was named Naamah, an Ammonite. q 1 Kgs 14, 21 . 14He did evil, for he had not truly resolved to seek the LORD. 15 r 15f: 1 Kgs 14, 29ff . The acts of Rehoboam, first and last, are written, as is well known, in the history of Shemaiah the prophet and of Iddo the seer [his family record]. There was war continually between Rehoboam and Jeroboam. 16Rehoboam rested with his ancestors; he was buried in the City of David. His son Abijah succeeded him as king.

Notes:

m: 1 Kgs 11, 4; 14, 22 .

n: 1 Kgs 14, 25 .

o: 2 Chr 11, 2 .

p: 9ff: 1 Kgs 14, 25–28 .

q: 1 Kgs 14, 21 .

r: 15f: 1 Kgs 14, 29ff .

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